Infant and Toddler Mental Health Tamara L. H EDUC- 3203-1 Infant and Toddler Mental Health 1. In your own words, define and explain the term trauma. Then, based on pages 7–9 of Hope and Healing: A Caregiver's Guide to Helping Young Children Affected by Trauma, explain how risk factors and protective factors related to children, families, and communities can influence a child's reaction to traumatic events. Trauma is when an event plays out that is both shocking and stunning. Trauma can be sudden or over a long term period resulting in both mental and physical reactions to it.
Sexual-this is where a child is abused in a sexual manner. And Physical neglect- the child may be unwashed, unfed, have things like nits that are untreated. The act also aims to: try and protect children from harm and to stop children who have suffered abuse from being further abused in the future and to identify and help children who have been abused. The role of the adult in the child protection act is to know and try to identify the signs of abuse, report any suspicions of abuse you have no matter how small and make the child feel safe and secure in the early years
Health Chronic conditions such as asthma can cause children to have time off school, infections like meningitis causes development delay. Disability Cerebral palsy can result in brain damage and can cause problems with mobility. Sensory impairment Hearing difficulties are one of the most common causes of language delay and speech problems in young children. Learning difficulties Down syndrome can result in development delay , learning difficulties and health problems. Family background can effect a child's development by the family's values the culture and the way the child is encouraged and cared for all can effect the child development.
People with antisocial disorder will act instead of feel; they find it difficult to talk about their personal emotional experiences. The feelings of helpless and a scared victim during childhood stage makes them want to scare and victimize others when they grow up (Hansel & Damour, 2008). Furthermore, the psychodynamic aspect also delves into analyzing early childhood attachments of individuals with antisocial personality disorder. Gabbard (2000) stated that “normal parent-child attachment paves the way for the internalization of a morally guiding superego and the ability to empathize with others. People with antisocial personality disorder show abnormal superego functioning and a lack of empathic ability to imagine how others feel, presumably due to disrupted parent-child relationships” (Hansel & Damour, 2008, p.
Rabineer (2006) explained that as many as half of these children may participate in anti-social behaviour. These behaviours may range from acts such as petty theft, drug abuse and even violent acts of destruction or intentional harm to others. This provides us with yet another example of the challenges ADHD children pose on broader society. Taking into account the afore mentioned challenges ADHD children pose to society, it becomes pertinent to question the impact of their behaviour closer to home, that is, within their own family. Rabiner (1999) quoted the results of a study conducted by Kaplan, Crawford, Fisher and Dewey (1998) which revealed that parents of ADHD children reported feeling considerably dissatisfied with their family life.
For example, “The emotional responses of children who witness domestic violence may include fear, guilt, shame, sleep disturbances, sadness, depression, and anger (Domestic Violence Round Table, 2015).” It is evidently clear that children who come from abusive families may incur problems later in life as they establish and build personal and private relationships. For example, children that are exposed to their mother who is verbally, physically, or sexually abused may develop problematic relationships because of experienced aggression. This aggression may be taken out on peers, or even their own mother. When a child continuously is a witness in seeing their mother abused in any way, chances are they may display or express
Children can attend Ala-Teen meeting or call a hotline for support. k. Children should educate themselves on their parent’s addiction. V. Conclusion: Parents need to step up and realize they are creating a roadmap of sadness and uncertainty for their children. In families where alcohol or other drugs are being abused, behavior can range from loving to withdrawn to crazy and can be frequently unpredictable and communication can often be unclear. Family life can be characterized as chaotic and uncertain.
RUNNING HEAD: REACTIVE ATTACHMENT DISORDER Reactive Attachment Disorder June 25, 2011 Abstract Children need a secure attachment. They form this by healthy parents who provide a safe and secure environment. When this attachment is not formed due to abuse, neglect, or mistreatment, children suffer. Child abuse and neglect affect the lives of many children and can result in physical injury and psychological trauma. Reactive attachment disorder is one of the possible consequences of this psychological trauma.
If a child has a family who lives in poverty this may affect delinquency if the child comes from a family with little to no education. If a child comes from a family who is poverty stricken and they live in a low income neighborhood surrounded by violence or criminal acts that’s all they are learning to do. If a child sees a parent, sibling, cousin and so on selling drugs they may be influenced to sell drugs also. If the people in the child’s family are not setting good examples the child is observing their behavior and will most likely will repeat the behavior. Broken homes contributed to delinquent behavior and the child is more susceptible to antisocial behavior.
These professionals can be a useful source of advice and guidance for other adults working with the children and young people, in order to help them to develop to their full potential. 10:2.2. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors.Family Background and Environment:Cultural backgrounds can influence children’s development for example in some cultures boys and girls are treated very differently. Family circumstances can impact on children’s learning if children are treated differently and the parents have different expectations of a child, this can have a detrimental effect on the child’s social and emotional development.Family break-ups