Child Obesity Essay

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Olethia Curry Professor Benjamin English 112 November 10, 2013 Childhood Obesity: Is It A Form of Child Abuse? Childhood obesity is a huge problem in the United States. It is known as a serious medical condition that causes other medical problems. Obesity is generally caused by genetics, certain illnesses, and uncontrolled behavior or overeating. According to the Obesity Action Coalition (OAC), “Childhood obesity is a growing epidemic in the United States. It affects more than 30 percent of children, on making it the most chronic disease of childhood.” Childhood obesity has become a controversial topic because some people would like to know when do parents become responsible for this condition. Childhood obesity should be a form of child abuse if parents are intentionally over-feeding their children. Body Mass Index (BMI) Body Mass Index (BMI) is a tool that is used to determine the amount of fat that the body is consuming. In order for a physician to place an individual result on the BMI scale, they have to be measured by their height and weight. Once the figure is calculated, it is then plotted on a growth chart. This will determine whether the child is overweight, obese, or within the normal weight range. These readings are measured with a percentile result. According to the CDC, “BMI provides a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people and is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems.” The BMI scale is broken up in four different classes that physicians go by. They are underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obese. According to the CDC, the BMI scale states, “Underweight: less than the 5th percentile, Healthy Weight: less than the 85th percentile, Overweight: 85th to less than the 95th percentile, and Obese: equal to or greater than the 95th percentile.” This scale is screening children who have

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