Child Labour Essay

1372 WordsSep 22, 20136 Pages
s the employment of children for work in Pakistan, leading to mental, physical, moral and social harm to children.[1] The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan estimated in the 1990s that 11 million children were working in the country, half of those under the age of ten. In 1996, the median age for a child entering the work force was seven, down from eight years old 2 years prior. It was estimated that one quarter of the country’s work force was made up of child labourers.[2] [1] Contents [hide] 1 Demographics 2 Causes 3 Government policies on child labour 4 Efforts to reduce child labour 4.1 Football stitching 4.2 Save the Children 4.3 SPARC 4.4 Other NGOs 5 See also 6 References Demographics[edit source | editbeta] As of 2012, it is estimated that 96 per cent of working boys were employed in the wholesale and retail industry in urban areas, followed by 22 per cent in the service industry and 22 per cent in manufacturing. As for the girls 48 per cent were employed in the service industry while 100 per cent were employed in manufacturing. In rural areas, 68 per cent of working boys were joined by 82 per cent of working girls. In the wholesale and retail industry the percentage of girl were 11 per cent followed by 11 per cent in manufacturing.[3] Child labour in Pakistan is perhaps most rampant in a north-eastern city called Sialkot, near the border with Kashmir, which is an important production centre for exports goods such as sporting goods.[4] Causes[edit source | editbeta] International Labour Organisation (ILO) suggests poverty is the greatest single cause behind child labour. Pakistan has a per-capita income of approximately $1900. A middle class person in Pakistan earns around $5 a day on average.The average Pakistani has to feed nine or ten people with their daily wage. Further to that there is also the high inflation rate to contend

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