Child Development Essay

6110 WordsJan 3, 201425 Pages
NVQ 3 (L/601/1693) Understanding Child and Young Person Development 1. Understand the expected patterns of development for children and young people from birth – 19years. 2.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. To care and look after and work with children and young person it is important that you understand their development. It’s impossible to think about how you can meet a child’s needs unless you know what to expect from him or her in terms of thinking, communication, and physical abilities for example. So we need to explore the principles of development and the five key stages from birth to age 19. The sequence of children’s development for each age is divided into five different aspects: Physical; Social, Emotional and behavioural; Communication and language; Intellectual and cognitive. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Physical development covers the aspects of development that we can see happening. For example, relatives often comment on how much a child has grown. They are commenting on how a child has grown in terms of size, height and weight. With growth, there is also a dramatic change in body proportions. Look at the size of a new-born baby’s head in proportion to the rest of the body Physical development also covers the important skills of using our bodies; the use of large muscles to walk, run, climb, jump and skip and the use of our smaller muscles, for example for hand co-ordination. Birth – 3 Years Physical development at this stage is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies. They are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pulling or pushing on things to stand etc. Between 1 and 2 years walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst

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