EDU 3102 Short Course Work:
The early years of a child’s life are very important for his or her development. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (n.d.) website, healthy development means that children of all abilities are able to grow up, where their physical, cognitive, social, emotional and educational needs are met. Therefore, having a safe and loving home and spending time with family also playing, singing, reading, and talking are very important, with addition of proper nutrition, exercise, and rest can also make a big difference.
Child development refers to the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing independence.
2.0 Concept of Growth and Development in Children
In reference to Mok Soon Sang (2006), most psychologists define growth as the physical and quantitative changes that occur in human beings. While development, on the other hand, refers as a continuous process that takes place from the time of birth until death. According to more researches, growth and development of human beings with respect to the physical, cognitive, emotional and social changes are influenced by two main factors such as hereditary factor and the environmental factor.
Table 1 briefly explains the differences between growth and development in terms of physical and cognitive aspects of individuals.
Aspects | Growth | Development |
Physical | Growth in size, weight and other parts of the human body like teeth and the inner organs. | Development of skills such as the ability to walk, using the 5 senses accordingly and singing. |
Cognitive | Growth of human brain with an increase ability to think. | Development of thinking skills such as memorizing, rationalizing, analyzing, inferring, predicting and problem solving. |
Table 1: Differences between growth and...