Child Development Essay

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Multiple Intelligences a) It is Gardener’s theory of intelligence. He places them into 9 areas of intelligence – verbal, logical, musical, spatial, bodily, naturalistic, interpersonal, intra personal and existential intelligence. The theory tries to describe intelligence on a deeper level; it indicates that the individual has certain strong intelligences that should be developed. Intelligences vary from individual to individual, thus a person who struggles with one area of intelligence could be more competent in another, or the person may just process information differently leading to a slower response rate. It moves away from the view that intelligence is fixed or that an individual is “smart” or “slow”, and describes it as an ongoing process which can be developed and strengthened. Motivation b) Motivation is the action an individual takes to achieve a certain goal. It is the action that takes place due to needs and desires of the individual. Motivation comes from 2 places: extrinsic (outside the individual i.e. career, financial or relationships etc.) and intrinsic (within the individual i.e. it is enjoyable). The 2 components of motivation are: purpose (reason for action) and movement (the action that takes place). Formal-operational Thought c) It is part of Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. It is the fourth and last stage in the theory where important changes take place during the transition phase from child to adulthood. During this transition period the individual starts to reason more logically and abstract thought begins. From this the individual will come to their own conclusions and be able to apply these to real or unreal (hypothetical) situations. During this stage the individual will start to understand more complex terms, feeling and emotions. Individuals begin to entertain possibilities for the future and are fascinated with

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