Child Care and Education Level 3 Essay

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UN Convention on the Rights of a Child 1989 The United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child was ratified by the UK in 1991. It set out the principles for a legal framework to underpin all aspects for the care, development and education of all children. The articles cover: non discrimination on the grounds of gender, religion, disability, language, ethnic or social origin; civil and political rights; economic, social, cultural and protective rights. Particularly relevant for out of school clubs and play providers is Article 31 as this states that all children have the right to relax and play, and to have the chance to join in a wide range of activities. Children Act 1989 The Children Act 1989 recognised that the welfare of the child is paramount and set out an overarching system for safeguarding children and the roles different agencies play. It introduced the concept of parental responsibility rather than parental rights. A key principle is that Local Authorities have a duty to provide services for children and their families and all children and young people should have access to the same range of services. Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and 2005 The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA) covers disabled people’s rights in housing, employment and the provision of goods and services. It places a duty on play settings to not treat disabled children less favourably than those that are not disabled. The Act requires providers to make reasonable adjustments so that disabled children and adults can access their services. The Disability Discrimination Act 2005 gave public authorities, such as local councils, hospitals, government departments, a duty to promote and reinforce equality for disabled people. The Act requires disability equality to be built into services at the beginning of the process. Protection of Children Act 1999 The
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