Chief Justice John Marshall

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Chief Justice John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison, and the Beginning of Judicial Review The most important Supreme Court Judge to be appointed Chief Justice was also one of the first to be appointed to this prestigious position. Chief Justice John Marshall made his position into the premier judicial seat, and at the same time, removed both controversy and bitterness from the judiciary. His contributions, most notably his ruling issued in Marbury v. Madison, laid the basis for what would later be called judicial review, and also made significant contributions to developing the judiciary as an independent branch of the government. Marshall worked to carve a sphere of influence that changed the judiciary from influences by both politics…show more content…
The spread of this ruling, like the implementation itself in the United States took time. It was just prior to the 1920’s when the provisions of judicial review were put into constitutions, and even then, only among nations that are now in what we call Latin America. We see the next push towards inclusion upon the end of World War I in Europe as new governments were formed and new constitutions written. The nations of Europe during the 1800’s saw the United Staes as a second rate country; backward in its thinking both culturally and intellectually. The end of World War II changed this view drastically. “Scholars from around the world began to study the legal, political, and constitutional practices of the United States...”18 If one looks at the history of the world post World War II, it’s easy to see how the idea of judicial review would continue to spread. The United States drafted the Japanese Constitution of 1946, and even with the Germans writing their own constitution in 1949, American influence was heavy. And according to Nelson, “The result was the creation of the Federal Constitutional Tribunal, which during the past half century has become, along with the Supreme Court of the United States, the most activist constitutional court in the world and has rendered some of the most important and interesting decisions of any such court.”19 Thus, the authority of judicial review as laid out in Marbury v. Madison spread because the verdict transformed into a way to protect minorities and gave the decision a purpose that the original verdict had never
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