“It is more accurate to talk of a potential revolution which ran away into the sand than the genuine article” Before we can assess whether a ‘genuine’ revolution took place in 1918, or if held many promises and yet failed to deliver, we must look at the term ‘Revolution’. This often refers to a substantial change in power/structure that takes place within a short time span. Germany was in a vulnerable position, susceptible to change as the defeat in the war had shaken people’s faith in the government. There was undoubtedly political changes undergone in Germany but whether they fundamentally shook the German foundations of society can be seriously questioned. It can be argued that the ’Weimar Republic’ , the outcome of the revolution was a facade of the old authoritarian regime, carrying out change under false pretences of a democratic institution, with the Right Wing Conservatives still in control.
The main theme of Empire, including the topics of Redefinition of National Security of 1945-1953, The Atomic Bomb: How the Cold War Began, and the Truman Doctrine and Containment and the main theme of Cultural Change with the topics of Rosie the Riveter: Transformation of women's work expectations during WWII, Desegregation, sit-ins, and boycotts as challenges to White Supremacy, and Women's Liberation are all very significant facets of comprehending our American history during the time of 1937-1971. To really understand our rich history, we have to examine the successes and failures of the American government in creating and extending an American Empire in North America. Simultaneously, our citizens made a transformation from 400 years ago because our societies did not have the same values, beliefs, customs and behaviors that people had in the year of 1877. American Empire and Cultural Change are very influential themes in our history because they relate to each other to help us understand where our nation came from. When our country was founded, we continued to have decisive relationships with other world powers and nations to carry out the role of global manager.
Washington served as president for two terms, during which he accomplished many new things. Washington accepted Jay's treaty, which settled the arguments between America and the British. Washington also decided that the Bill of Rights should be added to the Constitution, agreeing that they should have Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Press, and Freedom of Religion. George Washington was a brave and intelligent man who fought for his country’s freedom and enforced that freedom as the first president of the United States; due to his accomplishments Washington is remembered as one of the greatest presidents of all time. Other presidents have impacted this country as well.
This establishment quickly collapsed and the first permanent English colony of Jamestown was established 20 years later in 1607. With over a 100 year head start on England it would make sense that Spain capitalized the most on the New World; however it is quite the opposite. The differences in the colonization process helped England capitalize more by giving them the resources needed to bring them into the Industrial Revolution, and led Spain into a period of decline. There are many differences in how England and Spain colonized the new world. These differences include; the location of the colonized land, the treatment and relationship of the natives, reason for colonization, and the capitalization of the natural resources.
This independence derives from the constitution as the founding fathers suggested Congress was to be “the central element of the new political system” allowing Congress to perform checks and balances on a powerful executive. Congress is the branch of government closest to the people and the framers of the Constitution intended it to be the most powerful. Although, in the nineteenth and twentieth century, Congress has decreased in importance as the powers of the presidency expanded. Constitutionally it was given three main powers, all of which remain important today. First, all legislative power is vested in the house of reps and the senate, and within this broad function, Congress is given special powers to appropriate monies, raise armies and regulate interstate commerce.
So they felt through various reforms, and careful maneuvering by way of social changes that they could emaciate, or totally avoid the social problems, and political turmoil that the west struggled through in the centuries leading up to the emergence of capitalism. Western Europe’s journey from the institutional anarchy of feudalism to the free flowing movement of labor, goods, and ideas of capitalism was only brought on by each regions need to expand economic capacity to gain a military advantage over the other half-dozen empires that may have bordered it. In regions where feudalism reigned until late in the nineteenth century such as Japan in the Tokugawa period, it wasn’t until significant pressure from western nations in the form of unbalanced treaties, colonization, and threat of military conquest, spurred nobles to make major political and social
Establishing Democracy in Postwar Western Europe Written by Kyle Subik Kyle Subik Hist. 229 4/8/05 Prof. Dumont Research Paper The end of the Second World War left not only much of Europe in ruins, but many of its countries with no political identity. The monumental task of rebuilding Europe and establishing democracy where authoritarian dictatorships had failed was taken on by the Allied forces and mainly the United States. Establishing democracy in the Western European countries of France, Italy, and West Germany would prove to be the most difficult of all Western European countries. Before the Second World War France had actually had a democracy in place called the Third Republic.
Hitler criticized the carving up of Europe by the "Big Four" (the US, UK, France and Italy), stating that the Germans were the "master race". While World War I and the Treaty of Versailles was just over a decade before his rise to power, it played a large role in the propaganda Hitler spread about in order to gain support from the people and influence them with his ideas. After World War I, Europe's economy was in a great recession. The US, in a post-war economic boom, had been sending aid to various European nations and the world economy was brought up by their economic success. The 1929 Great Depression in the States had a global impact, and most prominently on Germany.
Weimar was established in 1919 to replace the previous imperial government. This Republic was the first real taste of democracy that Germany had ever experienced. A lot of people found it hard to accept, but after the way things used to be, and due to pressure from the Allies, the Weimar Republic was finally established. From the very start, they had to cope with various problems, the main one being hyperinflation. Since Germany was falling behind on their reparations, France sent their troops to the Ruhr, which was a very industrial area for Germany.
The decisions made restored the rule of legitimate rulers as well as autocratic government, and restored some territories to their pre-Napoleon frontiers. On the other hand, Europe was not completely restored to its pre-1789 condition, as exemplified by the facts that new Germany was reshaped, countries gained and lost territories, the Bourbons in France were no longer absolute monarchs and that new ideologies spread across Europe. Absolute monarchies in 1789 were restored in 1815, despite of the 20 years of revolutions and instability in between. For example, the Bourbons ruled France, Spain and Kingdom of Two Sicilies again. The Habsburgs ruled over Lombardy, Venetia, Parma, Modena and Tuscany, whereas the House of Savoy governed Piedmont, the House of Orange had power over Netherlands, and the Pope ruled the Papal States.