Chesapeake vs. New England

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Nolan Culhane 8/25/14 Miller 2nd Chesapeake vs. New England regions After Queen Elizabeth’s sea dogs had plundered much of the Spanish Armanda, England was firmly established as a naval power in the North Atlantic. Her successor, James I, sought to end the exhausting conflict and made a peace treaty with Spain in 1604. England was unified and in the search of fresh land because of a surplus population, thirst for adventure, and desire for religious freedom. Englishmen of the same ethnicity settled on the east coast of North America. However, the Chesapeake and New England regions were different economically, socially, and politically. Therefore, by 1700 English colonies had developed into two distinct societies. New England and Chesapeake colonies were two economically unique colonies. In New England, soil was rocky, therefore making crops difficult to grow. This poor soil attracted very few immigrants. Summers were hot, and winters were bitterly cold. Forests were cleared to grow staple crops such as corn, squash, and barley, however, livestock had to be brought to supplement the New England diet. The fish, fur, shipbuilding and lumber industries thrived in New England colonies. Creative ways to solve problems because of this region’s barren soil keyed the term “Yankee Ingenuity.” The Triangular Trade is an example of this. Rum produced in Boston was traded to African chiefs for slaves. These slaves were sent through the “middle passage” to the Caribbean, in order to work on sugar plantations. Finally, the sugar was sent to New England for rum production, and the process repeats. In contrast to industrial New England, the economy of the Chesapeake region was based solely around agriculture. Unlike the rocky north, soil was fertile in the south. Farmers could plant staple crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo. However, Tobacco, introduced by John Rolfe,
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