They were primarily Puritan, or Non Separatists, and were radical, or intolerant to other religions. The colonies also practiced theocracy, which was a government based on religion. In Springfield, Massachusetts, 1636 the Articles of Agreement stated that those whose names were underwritten agreed to the articles that formed a society around God and religion (doc. D). These were signed to enter the new colonies.
Early settlers had a variety of reasons for seeking a new homeland. The Pilgrims of Massachusetts were spiritual, self-disciplined English people who wanted to escape religious persecution. Other colonies, such as Virginia, were founded principally as business ventures. Colonists viewed America as a place they could go to practice their religion freely. However, most people looked badly upon religions outside of their own.
1993 DBQ After England established claims to the American lands, the vast tracts of land attracted immigration for various reasons during the 17th century. The significant settlements developed in the New England region in the north and the Chesapeake region towards the south. New England was primarily developed by the Puritans, who immigrated during the Great (Puritan) Migration between 1630s and 1640s to escape the religious persecution in Anglican England. Puritans led their lives based on strong beliefs, such as predestination – belief that one being saved was already determined by God. Unlike New England, the Chesapeake region developed a society that was not primarily dependent on religion; most of these people came to America to seek economic prosperity.
#1: Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: Politics, Religion, Economic development. The Spanish and English were involved in the New World both religiously and economically. But, their approaches were quite different in many ways, such as time, place, and their actions to the native peoples that lived in the New World. The Spanish were Catholic. They wanted to gain numbers to support Catholicism and show that it is the true religion.
Plantations were a big part of the economy in the South because that’s where they grew their cotton, and without slaves, the plantations would die. The economy was a cause in the Civil War because the North and South started to realize who wanted slaves and who didn’t. Another important cause of the Civil War was conflict between the North and the South about the issue of slavery. Slavery was a big issue in the South, whereas the North yearned for the abolish of slave labor. According to Document 1, Railroads were slim in the South, for the reason that slaves would have an easy way to escape.
As soon as Europeans began to settle in the New World, it was evident that it would become an extremely diverse melting pot of people. Settled by a predominantly English origin, New England and the Chesapeake region morphed into two distinct societies by the turn of the 18th century. Their differences were fueled largely by their motives in migrating across the Atlantic, the economy and form of government that each colony used, and also the fact that these people originated from cultures that were quite separated. There were many motives and incentives that caused Europeans to move to America. One of the most popular causes of migration to the New World was the search for religious freedom.
Every colony was different in a certain way and the people considered themselves as the citizens of their colonies, instead of the mother country. The colonies started to set up their own laws to govern their citizens and different forms of religious tolerance were discovered. Changes in religion, economics, politics, and social structures illustrate this Americanization of the transplanted Europeans. By 1763, although some colonies still maintained established churches, other colonies had accomplished a virtue revolution for religious toleration and separation of church and state. The Colonies were described as “melting pots”, because many different types of religions were settled there.
Thereby, when tobacco emerged as the colony’s saving grace the importation of indentured servants rose quickly. The practices toward servants, from the legislature and individuals, were noted for their harshness. There was a brutality exceeding the treatment received in England. Edmund Morgan points out that the Virginians’ attitudes toward the workers permitted the later shift toward slave labor. As tobacco profits shrunk, wealthier men of the colony began using government office as means of financial support.
During the late 16th century and into the 17th century, European nations rapidly colonized the newly discovered Americas. Two of the regions included the Chesapeake and the New England areas which both had very separate and unique identities. Both of these settlements were populated by the English and brought flocks of people from England seeking a better life while retaining the English culture. In addition, both colonies faced conflict with the Native Americans in the area while establishing their settlements. New England was involved in the Pequot War while the settlers of Chesapeake had conflicts with the Powhatan Confederacy.
Englishmen saw the Chesapeake as a place to make profit. Despite originating from the same area, New England and the Chesapeake evolved into two distinct societies at two different rates. Although New England and the Chesapeake regions were settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies due to demographic, motivational, political, and geographical differences. From the beginning New England and Chesapeake settlers started off creating their colonies disparately. Unlike Puritans of New England, settlers destined for the Chesapeake region migrated individually.