Chesapeake Region Dbq Analysis

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Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? The people who settled in New England and the people who settled the Chesapeake region may have come from the same country, but what they were fleeing from and what they were looking for varied greatly; their political, economic, religious and social differences were profound. The original motivations of the people were a factor in the development of different approaches to government. The different climates led to the establishment of differing economies. Religion was far more important to the New Englanders and was emphasized…show more content…
(Doc F) Once it became clear that gold was not to be found, and after John Rolfe introduced tobacco, the economic base of the Chesapeake was focused more and more on this single cash-crop. Tobacco cultivation tended to exhaust the soil, creating the need for more and more land. Wealthy planters established vast plantations and they turned to indentured servants for labor, many of whom would contribute to the growth of a poor and desperate lower class after their period of indenture was over. The best land was no longer available to them as they were forced to move farther West. (Docs G & H) Increasingly, slavery was established in the Chesapeake as the main source of labor. The fact that slavery ultimately became entwined in the economy and social structure of the South and not in the North was the most significant regional difference which brought about the Civil…show more content…
Many of the first settlers in New England came for religious reasons. They wanted to be able to practice their Puritan faith and to build ideal Puritan communities (Docs A & D) Puritanism dictated all aspects of life, even the layout of new towns .(Doc D) Many of the newer colonies outside of Massachusetts were established by religious dissenters, such as Roger Williams of Rhode Island and Anne Hutchison of Long Island. In New England the political leaders were also the religious leaders, such as John Winthrop, a Puritan minister and first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Although the majority of the settlers in the Chesapeake belonged to the Church of England, (Doc.C) their behavior did not always appear to be very Christian. (Doc
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