# Chemitry Design Lab

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Design Lab-Chemistry HL Date; 27th February and 1st March 2013 Grade 11 Increasing the temperature to increase the rate of reaction between sulfuric acid and iron powder Experiment; To investigate the effect of temperature of reactants on the rate of reaction Focus Question; How does temperature (30, 35,40,45,50 degrees Celsius) affect the rate of reaction of H2SO4 (1.0M, Volume; 20ml) and Fe (2.5g) in 6 minutes? Fe (s) + H2SO4(l) FeSO4(l) + H2(g) Variables; Independent Variable- Temperature Dependent Variable- how much hydrogen gas is produced Controlled Variable-Sulfuric Acid (1.0M, Volume; 20ml), Iron powder (2.5g), and time (6 minutes) Materials; 3 100ml Flasks 1 cork 1 tube 1 100ml graduated cylinder 1 25ml graduated cylinder 1 clamp stand 1 spatula 1 apron A pair of gloves 1 dropper 1 tub of water 1 waterbath 1 balance scale Stopwatch 3 pieces of paper 2 thermometers 37.5 grams of Iron Powder (Fe) 300 ml of 1.0M H2SO4 Procedure; 1. Wear an apron, gloves and goggles for safety reasons 2. Obtain all materials which are 3 100ml flasks, 1 cork, 1 tube, 1 100ml graduated cylinder, 1 25ml graduated cylinder, 1 clamp stand, 1 spatula, 1 dropper, 1 tub of water, 1 waterbath, 1 balance scale, 1 stopwatch, 2 thermometer to your work place 3. Then obtain 37.5 grams of iron powder, and 300 ml of 1.0M H2SO4 to your work place 4. For the first parameter, start off the waterbath at temperature 30 degrees Celsius which will take about 10 minutes for the temperature to reach from 25 degrees (room temperature) to 30 degrees Celsius 5. Put a thermometer into the waterbath to double check that the waterbath reaches and maintains its temperature at 30 degrees Celsius. 6. Turn on the balance scale and start to measure 2.5 grams for the iron powder on a piece of paper for the first trial; 2.5 grams for all the 15