Aluminium and potassium 7) A certain particle was found to contain sixteen protons and eighteen electrons. a. What element must it be? State your reasoning A sulphur ion because it has 16 protons and 16 neutrons, it needs two extra electrons to become and ion. b.
Abdul Gadoush Period 2 Chemistry Honors 1-16-14 Metal Gizmo 1. Purpose/Problem: The whole purpose to this experiment was to identify which metal of the following: Copper, Magnesium or zinc had the most occurring reactions in the constant chemicals that they were inserted in. The metal that had the least amount of reactions in each chemical would be the least reactant, and the metal that had the most occurring reactions in the chemical would be the most reactant. For this process to occur (make metal gizmos), Naugatuck Metal Works needs one highly reactive metal and another that isn't a reactive metal. - signs of chemical change = changes the shape and color, creates a gas, distributes heat, Etc.
Seventy five percent of the table is made up of metals, and a couple of the columns on the right of the table have gases. There are only two elements that are liquids- mercury and bromine. Column 1 contains the alkali metals, which suddenly combust when exposed to air or water. Columns 3-12 are the transition metals, which contain heavier atoms, which are more flexible in how they organize their electrons. Column 17 is made up of the more reactive gases- the halogens.
In well A2: Place 10 drops of Magnesium Sulfate, MgSO4 c. In well A3: Place 10 drops of Zinc Nitrate, Zn(NO3)2 d. In well A4: Place 10 drops of Iron (III) Chloride, FeCl3 e. In well A5: Place 10 drops of Copper (II) Sulfate, CuSO4 3. Take the metal solids from your LabPaq; there should be one piece each of magnesium, zinc, and iron plus two pieces of lead. NOTE: Magnesium and lead oxidize very easily and an almost invisible oxidation layer may coat the metal. To insure good reactions you should scrape the surface of those metals with a pocketknife or remove the oxidation layer by rubbing the metal pieces with steel wool or something similar. Evidence that a reaction is taking place is the formation of bubbles or a coating on the metal immersed into the solution.
We resulted that lead, silver, and copper are the strongest oxidizing agents, and that magnesium and zinc are the weak oxidizing agents. The strong oxidizing agent oxidized the weak oxidizing agent and in turn the strong oxidizing agent got reduced while oxidizing the weak agent. When a reaction occurred, the solid metal reduced the ion, and in turn made it the more reactive metal. In part two we used a solvent extraction technique to derive an activity series for the halogens. With the use of this technique we placed chlorine, bromine, and iodine into solutions containing chloride, bromide, and iodide.
The arrangement of particles in an atom Protons and neutrons make up the main, dense, central nucleus in the centre of the atom. This is surrounded by electrons “orbiting” the main nucleus. The electron are in shells depending on their energy levels, as the most energetic are on the outer shells, because they need more energy to travel around a bigger “orbit” of the nucleus. These shells are full when a certain amount of atoms are in the shell; 2 in the first shell, 8 in the next shell, 8 in the third shell and so on. When the shells are full, the atom is unreactive.
(h) "Hard" water contains a high concentration of calcium ions. Suggest a way to make hard water "softer: Answers: a) It could have been improved if the experimental design said " you have to place seven different nitrates in three different sodium solutions to see if a reaction occur." b) With my evidence silver nitrate was the would the cation that would make most of the anions create a precipitate. c) Chlorine can selectively remove silver ions from a solution because silver has a positive 1 charge and chlorine has a negative 1 charge so when they react it is a perfect
57 (1) (iii) A triglyceride is also formed in the reaction between glycerol and three molecules of oleic acid, C17H33COOH. State and explain which of the two triglycerides (the one formed from stearic acid or the one formed from oleic acid) has the higher melting point. (the one from) stearic acid; saturated / no (C to C) double bonds; chains pack close together / stronger intermolecular forces / van der Waals’ forces etc; 3 Ignore hydrogen bonding. If wrong choice made, only third mark can be scored. (3) (b) An oil sample containing 0.0100 mol of oil was found to react with 7.61 g of iodine, I2.
It is possible that fluorine can substitute for hydrogen in organic reactions. Fluorine has been known to form compounds with rare gases, including xenon, radon, and krypton. Free fluorine has a characteristic pungent odor, detectable at concentrations as low as 20 parts per billion. Both elemental fluorine and the fluoride ion are highly toxic. The recommended maximum allowable concentration for a daily 8-hour time-weighted exposure is 0.1 parts per million.