Chemistry Lab: Precipitate Patterns

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Lab 5: Precipitate Patterns October 31st, 2013 Partners: Muhammad Saeed, Kristian Palmer and Kyle Poirier By: Rauman Tuan-Kichil For: Mr. Fontaine Investigation: Wastewater from metal manufacturing processes often contains toxic cations. These ions must be removed before the water can be released into the environment. Many of these ions can be removed using precipitation reactions. For example, recycled car batteries contain toxic lead cations, Pb 2+. These can be removed by adding a solution of potassium iodide, KI. In this investigation, you will combine different pairs of solutions to discover which cation/anion combinations result in the formation of a precipitate. Purpose: To identify which anion could be used to precipitate…show more content…
How could it have been improved? (b) Based on your evidence, which anion could be used to precipitate most of the metal cations? (c) Which anion could be used to selectively remove silver ions from solution? Why? (d) What evidence suggests that nitrate compounds are soluble in water? (e) Write the chemical formula for each precipitate that formed. Apply and Extend (f) Write a balanced chemical equation for each precipitation reaction that occurred. (g) Why is it necessary to use distilled water to prepare the solutions used in this investigation? (h) "Hard" water contains a high concentration of calcium ions. Suggest a way to make hard water "softer: Answers: a) It could have been improved if the experimental design said " you have to place seven different nitrates in three different sodium solutions to see if a reaction occur." b) With my evidence silver nitrate was the would the cation that would make most of the anions create a precipitate. c) Chlorine can selectively remove silver ions from a solution because silver has a positive 1 charge and chlorine has a negative 1 charge so when they react it is a perfect…show more content…
h) A way to make hard water softer is to put an sodium nitrate and create a precipitate to mellow out the reaction. Another way of making it softer is by removing the calcium ions one way of doing that is by boiling the solution to take out some of the ions. Conclusion: Overall, we determined that sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, is the anion that can be used to precipitate the most metal cations. Also, we learned that the anion sodium chloride, NaCl, could be used to remove silver ions from solutions. The stuff that I found interesting was that how many colours you can get when you mix the cations and anions

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