Chemistry Essay

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Richard F. Daley and Sally J. Daley www.ochem4free.com Organic Chemistry Chapter 2 Introduction to Organic Nomenclature and Functional Groups 2.1 Drawing Organic Structures 73 2.2 Alkanes 77 2.3 Structural Isomerism 77 2.4 IUPAC Nomenclature 79 2.5 Naming Alkanes 80 2.6 Naming Cycloalkanes 87 2.7 Naming Complex Alkyl Groups 2.8 Functional Groups 97 2.9 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes 2.10 Naming Alkenes, Part II 108 2.11 Arenes 109 2.12 Organohalogens 113 2.13 Using Molecular Formulas 115 Key Ideas from Chapter 2 117 91 100 Organic Chemistry - Ch 2 70 Daley & Daley Copyright 1996-2005 by Richard F. Daley & Sally J. Daley All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright holder. www.ochem4free.com 5 July 2005 Organic Chemistry - Ch 2 71 Daley & Daley Chapter 2 Introduction to Organic Nomenclature and Functional Groups Chapter Outline 2.1 Drawing Organic Structures Drawing two-dimensional, condensed, and bond-line structures of organic compounds 2.2 Alkanes An introduction to alkanes 2.3 Structural Isomerism A look at compounds with the same molecular formula but with different structures 2.4 IUPAC Nomenclature An introduction to the IUPAC rules of nomenclature 2.5 Naming Alkanes An introduction to the systematic approach to naming alkanes 2.6 Naming Cycloalkanes Systematic naming of cycloalkanes 2.7 Naming Complex Alkyl Groups Systematic and common nomenclature of molecules with branched side chains 2.8 Functional Groups A survey of organic functional groups 2.9 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes Naming hydrocarbons with double and

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