Reactions Lab David Vaghari INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Chernovitz Monday, July 23, 2012 Oxygen Production Introduction In this lab, potassium chlorate will be decomposed producing oxygen gas and potassium chloride. The hypothesis is that the reaction will yield 3.916 grams of oxygen gas. Materials Test tube 10 grams potassium chlorate Bunsen burner Procedure Step 1. Obtain a test tube, place a 10 gm of potassium chlorate. Step 2.
There will have some error. 2) A volatile liquid was allowed to evaporate in a 43.298 g flask that has a total volume of 252 ml. the temperature of the water bath was 100˚C at the atmospheric pressure of 776 torr. The mass of the flask and condensed vapor was 44.173 g. calculate the molar mass of the liquid. T = 273 + 100 = 373 V = 252 mL = 1 L / 1000 mL = 0.252 L P = 776 Torr R= 0.0821 mass of 44.173 - 43.298 g = 0.875g moles of gas = PV / RT = 776 x .252 / 62.363 x (273+100) =0.00841 moles molar mass = 0.875g / 0.00841 moles = 104.1 g/
He placed the his temperature scale at o degree for the boiling point, and ent downward and placed the freezing point at 100 degrees 10. What did the physicist Amonton contribute to the understanding of hot and cold? Amonton was doing heating, and cooling experiments. He saw that when he cooled the object that when the temp dropped so did the pressure. So he thought what would happen if you kept pushing the pressure back.
Since this reaction involves a dramatic color change, it can be used in a titration experiment. Here is the net ionic equation: 12 H+ (aq) + 4 MnO4– (aq) + 5 C2H5OH (aq) ⎯→ 5 HC2H3O2 (aq) + 4 Mn2+ (aq) + 11 H2O (l) deep purple almost colorless 1.00 mL of a white wine was added to excess sulfuric acid solution, then titrated with a 0.100 M KMnO4 solution. It took 20.4 mL of the KMnO4 solution to reach the endpoint. a) Which substance is oxidized, and which reduced, in the reaction? b) What is the molar concentration (molarity) of ethanol in the wine?
The reaction that occurred with this step was displacement and metathesis in the form of gas formation. The balanced equation of this step looks as follows: CuSO4aq+Zns→Cus+ZnSO4(aq) Once this step was finished, the remaining copper was retrieved. First, to recover the copper HCl was added to remove all the zinc. When this happened, a yellow tint was observed in the liquid, as well as bubbling as the zinc was broken down. Once the copper dried out, it was weighed and came to a total of 240 mg.
We found the mass of our pure alcohol to be 10.23g. The volume of our pure alcohol was 10.97mL. With these numbers, we used the formula mass/volume to find the density of our pure alcohol to be .9325g/mL. The percent error of our experiment was found to be 18.19% with an absolute error of .1435%. Conclusion:The purpose of this lab is to prepare and purify a fuel, ethanol C2H5OH.
Lexington Overstreet 9/14/2012 Title: Determination of Density of an Unknown Liquid Unknown sample number P121736-LF12 First Combination of Equipment Employed 10 mL graduated cylinder, one decimal place balance. Summary of Experimental Procedure A ten milliliter graduated cylinder was filled with the liquid so that the meniscus was exactly at the 10.0mL calibration mark. The liquid sample was then carefully poured into a clean, dry weighing vial which had been pre-weighed with its cap. The vial was capped, reweighed, and the density of the liquid computed using the formula: Density (g/mL) = Sample Weight (g)Sample Volume (mL) This procedure was repeated three times. Experimental Data Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Sample Volume 10 mL 10 mL 10 mL Weight sample + capped vial 26.5g 26.5g 26.3g Weight vial + cap 15.5g 15.4g 15.4g Sample weight 11.0g 11.1g 10.9g Calculated Results Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Density of samples: 1.10g/mL 1.11g/mL 1.09g/mL Average density: 1.10g/mL 1.10g/mL 1.10g/mL Deviation from Average: ±0.00g/mL ±0.01g/mL -0.01g/mL Average Deviation: add absolute values of deviations from average and divide by the number of trials.
Coal hypothesis = If activated carbon is added with 100mL of water, it will increase the pH over 48 hours. 2. Based on the results of your experiment, would you reject or accept each hypothesis that you produced in question 1? Explain how you determined this. a. Pyrite hypothesis accept/reject = I would accept the hypothesis, seeing as how the pH reduced from 6 to 2. b.
There is about 1700 kPa (250 psi) pressure in the tank when full. Acetylene when combined with oxygen burns at a temperature of 3200 °C to 3500 °C (5800 °F to 6300 °F), highest among commonly used gaseous fuels. As a fuel acetylene's primary disadvantage, in comparison to other fuels, is high cost. As acetylene is unstable at a pressure roughly equivalent to 33 feet/10 meters underwater, water submerged cutting and welding is reserved for hydrogen rather than acetylene. Compressed gas cylinders containing oxygen and MAPP gas.
Today, climate change is being driven by the addition of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to the earth's atmosphere at rates faster than the planet's normal mechanisms can adjust to. The result is increasing concentrations of these gases in the atmosphere, and because they trap heat, increasing temperatures. This hurts people, animals, and plants. How do we know this? Scientists predict that if the increase in greenhouse gas emissions continues unabated, temperatures will rise by as much as 10 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of this century, potentially causing dramatic and irreversible changes to the climate.