Chem 1211k Lab Report

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Introduction In Chemistry 1211 lab the main objective was to identify the name of the unknown acid #2651145-PLF13 that was issued by the instructor. Melting point, titration of the unknown acid, calculation of equivalent weight, pKa, solubility tests, and properties of a hydrochloric acid; these procedures were used to characterize the unknown acid and then compared with known substances using GSU Chemistry department search engine. By doing this experiment he or she will develop an understanding of the properties of organic acids and differences between properties of a strong acid such hydrochloric acid. Experimental The first procedure to identify the unknown organic acid was finding the correct melting point. This was done by taking small amounts of the unknown acid. It was then placed into capillary tubes and inserted into the Bibby Sterilin Device. Starting with a high plateau to find a quick melting point and then proceeding to find an actual melting point. The next experiment that aided in finding more characterizations of unknown #2651145-PLF13 was equivalent weight. In order to find the equivalent weight a titration of the unknown acid had to be conducted. Equivalent weight is the weight of the substance in grams divided by the average molarity of the sodium hydroxide solution times the volume from the titration in liters. If the molarity of your sodium hydroxide solution were too low then the equivalent weight would be off significantly. In order to calculate a decent molarity a short series of titrating was conducted using KHP. Find the molarity is essential to numerous amounts of future procedures such as equivalent weigh. The titration of hydrochloric acid was also completed for practice of titrating and basic understanding of the characteristics of the strong acid. In all three titration experiments an indicator was used to illustrate the

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