Three of the characters that Chaucer used to embody this corruption in within the church were the Friar, the Pardoner, and the Summoner. All three men were employed by the church, and had the power to help absolve from sin the masses; but each of the men also had a price. Just as the Catholic Church was enshrined with riches, gold churches built on the backs of the masses, the men who worked in it did just the same. The absolute hypocrisy of the church, and their willingness to use power and money to rule would end up being their downfall, as it was the masses were quickly becoming wise to the dishonesty within the church and the people running it. Chaucer used his craft to highlight this dishonesty, and through stinging satire he shows us just what he thought of the Catholic Church, with his descriptions of the Friar , the Pardoner, and the Summoner.
The Efiks developed a complex culture resembling the beginnings of English consumerism. They would trade slaves for copper and manufactured goods. Power became associated with wealth, and the acquisition of wealth became the primary focus of attaining and maintaining power. Not surprisingly, as power was vested in wealth, trade wars developed. The trade wars between Old Calabar and New Calabar exemplified the best and the worst characteristics of capitalism.
Many people think that King John was a bad King, this is largely due to stories surrounding Robin Hood and the fact he charged high taxes and imprisoned people without good reason. Also he had a reputation for torturing and being cruel to is people. John was in dispute to the church and wanted to control who would be the next archbishop. However, Some people disagree with this view of John. They Argue that John was a generous man who fed the poor on feast days and was more giving than other kings before him.
Source G suggests that the monasteries wrongly abused their influential power over the common folk, gaining money from the supposed religious relics they claimed to be in ownership of. Items such as ‘God’s coat, Our Lady’s smock’ and ‘part of God’s supper,’ this implies corruption because deception was being used against the ordinary worshippers. Source G also suggests that corruption was held amongst monks, telling us of their illegitimate children under their supposed life of celibacy and the holy fathers inability to life such a life ‘The Pope, considering this holy father’s weakness, has given him license to keep a whore.’ Source G is a report given by Richard Layton to Cromwell in 1535, providing Cromwell with ammunition for the Valor Ecclesiasticus. Source H is similar to Source G suggesting that there was corruption in the monasteries, stating that the monasteries live in ‘Manifest sin, vicious, carnal and abominable living.’ The source also states that such doing is on the increase ‘their vicious living shamelessly increases’ suggesting that the only way in order to stop such doings, was to dissolve the monasteries. Source H confirms the points made in Source G, suggesting corruption was at the heart of royal motives for dissolution.
Henry had no intention of keeping his side of the bargain. He gave orders that "a good number" from every village and town that had taken part in the pilgrimage should be publicly hung drawn and quartered. In 1538 Thomas Cromwell turned his attention to religious shrines in England. For hundreds of years pilgrims had visited shrines that contained important religious relics. Wealthy pilgrims often gave expensive jewels and ornaments to the monks that looked after these shrines.
This was named the ‘Great Depression’ and was a major change for the economic state of Britain. Many social changes occurred during this time period also. Social classes, the changing role of women and the decline in power of the monarchy and landowning class are all key factors of this. The industrial revolution brought about new jobs for the middle and working class, meaning they could live a wealthier lifestyle. With the economic growth of factory owners and workers, they wished to have greater political power.
The middle class believed that because they were the ones working and earning the country’s wealth, they were deserving of the vote. Indeed, there was growing respect for the so-called urban artisans and the skilled working class whose voices were only now beginning to be heard. As the population moved away from rural areas into towns and cities, the landowning aristocrats of those rural areas started to lose their power. With people living and working closer together and improved communication, ideas like democracy and liberalism increased dramatically in popularity. However despite all of these changes in attitudes Britain was still primarily ruled and governed by the upper and upper-middle-class aristocracy.
These taxations also led to strikes and demonstrations becoming commonplace so could have caused Bloody Sunday itself. Witte’s economic reforms also led to another economic factor that caused the 1905 Revolution, the industrialisation of Russia. High speed industrialisation of Russia led to urbanisation causing a high density of people living in the towns and cities. This aided a social factor, the creation of a new urban working class and led to poor working and living conditions in Russia, this caused even greater resentment of the government and helped the formation of the SDs who also had a part to play in the 1905 Revolution. This high density of people living in towns and cities made it easier for revolutionary parties easier to rally and less easy to crush than when most people lived in more rural areas.
His ideas spread like wildfire to the population and forced the Catholic Church to bring reforms. John Calvin was born in 1509 and studied law and religion. He believed in pre-destination, a belief that a person is chosen whether they will go to heaven or hell when they are born. He was asked to help bring the Protestant Reformation in Geneva. He was very strict and put regulations on gambling, dancing, and swearing.
The Pardoners Tale Reanalyzed As we all know, most tales deliver a messages to its reader. Chaucer, throughout The Pardoners Tale, focuses on the deadly sin of Avarice and its potential consequences. The conflict that the pardoner portrays, discusses his own greed and greed of others. He, the pardoner, stealing from the less fortunate through church preaching’s about greed as they pay, but preaching against greed as being a sin. This sin of greed sets the theme for the tale, but throughout contradicts the pardoner.