Chasteen Chapter 9 & El Mozote- Rufina Amaya

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Chapter 9-Reaction 1. What is a military dictatorship? a. A military dictatorship is a form of government where in the political power resides with the military. Military dictatorship of Chile was basically a bureaucratic authoritarian regime. Argentine military dictatorship sends trainers, known as “Contras”, for counterrevolutionaries 2. Why and how did these dictatorships come to be? What was going on in these countries that allowed it? a. Military dictatorships came about by a group of people; normally after the sudden deposition of a government, usually by a small group of the existing establishment, typically the military, to depose the existing government and replace it with another body, civil or military. Military juntas have justified their rule as a way of bringing political stability for the nation or rescuing it from the threat of "dangerous ideologies". For example, in Latin America, the threat of communism was often used. Military regimes tend to portray themselves as non-partisan, as a "neutral" party that can provide interim leadership in times of turmoil, and also tend to portray civilian politicians as corrupt and ineffective 3. What happened to people who were against the military? a. Those who were against the military were usually kidnapped, tortured, imprisoned or murdered. Prisoners were subjected to a variety of horrors, including repeated rape, electric shocks to nipples and testicles, permanent blind folding, and psychological torment such as being forced to witness the torture of a loved one. 4. Who are "Las madres de la plaza de mayo"? Do a little research to get more information if you need it. a. "Las madres de la plaza de mayo" wereArgentine mothers who began parading with pictures of their disappeared children. Military dismissed them as crazy. They wore white scarves embroidered with the names of
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