Characteristics of Developmental Periods

423 Words2 Pages
There are five developmental periods that are important factors in the growth of a child. They are infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, early adolescence, and late adolescence. Within each of these periods children are at different developmental stages. Each stage is another stepping stone toward adulthood. Infancy (Birth – 2 Years) During the first two years of life, many dramatic developmental changes occur (McDevitt, T. M., & Ormrod, J. E. 2004). Each baby is unique and develops at his or her own rate. At infancy the child is completely dependent on others. Features of early care such as affectionate, individualized, and responsive attention to infants; positive relationships with parents and other family members; and provision of a safe and interesting environment – help get infants off to a good start. Early Childhood (2-6 Years) Early childhood is a period of incredible creativity, fantasy, wonder, and play (McDevitt, T. M., & Ormrod, J. E. 2004). Language and communication skills develop rapidly in early childhood. Physical changes are also apparent. Preschoolers become progressively more interested in other, eagerly spend time with playmates. Their concern for others coexists with aggressive and self-centered impulses, which occasionally interfere with effective interactions. Middle Childhood (6-10 Years) Middle childhood is a time of sustained attention to real-world tasks. Children start to form serious commitments to peers. Friendships are important, and children learn a lot from interactions with friends and resolutions of disputes. Children start comparing their performance to others, start to internalize many prohibitions they’ve heard repeatedly, and they start to fain a sense of what is expected of them, and most want to live up to those expectations. Early Adolescence (10-14 Years) In early adolescence youngsters slowly lose
Open Document