Chapter 3 Of Bureaucracy In A Democratic State Essay

391 Words2 Pages
In Chapter 3, O’Toole and Meier discuss the various barriers in relationship with political control. However, the usual top-down structure isn’t discussed as much; instead they showcase how programs are executed by intricate governmental networks, and agencies. “If public programs are typically executed not through solitary bureaus but by a mix of multiple units -across agencies, governments, and often from the private or nonprofit sectors as well -then the “values” mix shaping the discretionary decision making of implementing actors almost certainly becomes more diffuse, plural, and even contradictory, when taken across the full set of organizations involved. (64)” When multiple agencies are used versus single agent bureaucrats, it is very difficult sometimes to execute and understand the “vision” at hand. Many factors come into play with policy execution, and it seems that is when it is construed as being a skewed system. There are two forms of control procedures that play at the whim of agencies. One is by forcing agencies to disclose their choices on policies before actual implementations are made, and the other form is deck stacking. Deck stacking is used mainly with rule-making, and they mandate participation and restrain the potentiality of agencies. “By establishing these “rules of the game” at the outset, Congress can ensure that certain outcomes are favored. (50)” Rules are needed to define any structure of government and ensure that the process is being executed properly. However, there are limits and boundaries to exceed in everything. At times, you may have an agency countering ongoing activity and then its renders the process more complex. In general, rule making contributes to the quality of bureaucratic action, but sometimes worsens the outcomes and control faced by political actors. Agencies play a leading role as an influential opinion while

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