Chapter 19 Civil Rights: Questions And Answers

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Chapter 19: Civil Rights I. Introduction A. Civil rights issue 1. Group is denied access to facilities, opportunities, or services available to other groups, usually along ethnic or racial lines 2. Issue is whether differences in treatment are "reasonable" a. Some differences are: progressive taxes b. Some are not: classification by race subject to "strict scrutiny" II. The black predicament B. Perceived costs of granting black rights not widely shared 3. Concentrated in small, easily organized populations 4. Interest-group politics versus lower-income whites 5. Blacks at a disadvantage in interest group politics because they were not…show more content…
Ambiguities of Brown 3. Unrestricted choice or integrated schools? 4. De jure or de facto segregation? o. 1968 rejection of "freedom of choice" plan settles matter; mixing p. Charlotte-Mecklenburg, 1971 5. Proof of intent to discriminate 6. One-race school creates presumption of intent 7. Remedies can include quotas, busing, redrawn lines 8. Every school not required to reflect racial composition of school system q. Some extensions to intercity busing r. Busing remains controversial 9. Some presidents oppose but still implement it 10. Congress torn in two directions s. 1992 decision allows busing to end if segregation caused by shifting housing patterns IV. The campaign in Congress I. Mobilization of opinion by dramatic event to get on agenda 23. Sit-ins and freedom rides 24. Martin Luther King, Jr. 25. From nonviolence to long, hot summers J. Mixed results 26. Agenda-setting success 27. Coalition-building setbacks: methods seen as law
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