Chapter 17 Essay

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Question 2 [Chapter 17 – Percy Chit Yan & Iliana Alvarez] (Suggested time—40 minutes. This counts as one-third of the total essay section score.) The following passage is from the novel Brave New World by Aldous Huxley. In this excerpt, the World Controller for Western Europe, Mustapha Mond, explains to the Savage, John, that there is no need for God when there is comfort while John argues for God, suffering and poetry. Read the passage carefully. Then write a well-developed essay in which you analyze how this excerpt portrays Huxley’s attitude towards the values of the World State society using literary devices. "But God's the reason for everything noble and fine and heroic. If you had a God …" "My dear young friend," said Mustapha Mond, "civilization has absolutely no need of nobility or heroism. These things are symptoms of political inefficiency. In a properly organized society like ours, nobody has any opportunities for being noble or heroic. Conditions have got to be thoroughly unstable before the occasion can arise. Where there are wars, where there are divided allegiances, where there are temptations to be resisted, objects of love to be fought for or defended–there, obviously, nobility and heroism have some sense. But there aren't any wars nowadays. The greatest care is taken to prevent you from loving any one too much. There's no such thing as a divided allegiance; you're so conditioned that you can't help doing what you ought to do. And what you ought to do is on the whole so pleasant, so many of the natural impulses are allowed free play, that there really aren't any temptations to resist. And if ever, by some unlucky chance, anything unpleasant should somehow happen, why, there's always soma to give you a holiday from the facts. And there's always soma to calm your anger, to reconcile you to your enemies, to make you patient and

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