Changing Roles of the Nurse

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CHANGING ROLES OF THE NURSE
Introduction
Nurses are a central resource in the National Health Service (NHS) and are crucial to the delivery of 21st century healthcare. They are in a powerful position to improve the experience of patients, the quality of care and health outcomes across the whole range of health services. Society is changing and so is the NHS and the need for expert nursing care has never been greater. The challenges facing society and healthcare mean that there is a need for a different kind of nurse in the future and an important agenda for change that needs to be seized. Some have questioned whether nurses have lost their way while navigating the complexity of the increasingly technical environment that is contemporary health care. As technological, medical and administrative changes facilitated the advancement of nursing, the role of the advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) emerged. APRNs practice a greater set of skills, often diagnosing patients, determining a plan of treatment and absorbing many of the responsibilities previously held by physicians. Jeanne Lattanzio who worked as a registered nurse at the UConn Health Center for over 30 years including a 7-year stint as director of nursing. She said, “As doctors grew and learned more, nursing came right along. Growing demand on physicians and a changing role for residents meant that nurses had to become adept at more and more complicated and intricate procedures.” According to Lattanzio, the changing role of hospitals and the way patients take advantage of them have been fundamental in advancing the responsibilities of nurses.

Literature review

Women because of maternal instinct were considered “born nurses”. The parental instinct, however, is present in both sexes of all races. It is thought that women present a greater degree of this due to their traditional role in the
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