Assess the likely effects of 2 different forms of abuse on the health and well-being of adults. (M1&D1) Self-harm: Self-harm is an act of an individual doing something to hurt them, whether this is a physical act of harm, self-neglect or negative thinking towards oneself. Depending on the nature of the self-harm and the severity of the incident, individual’s feelings immediately afterwards may vary. If stress and depressive, suicidal thoughts have been building, the act of physically self-harming may bring a sense of relief and as though it has been temporarily released. If the vulnerable adult had used a cigarette to burn themselves or a hot instrument, they may feel this is a form of punishment, maybe for having their disability or for simply being who they are.
A boundary must then be set around the behaviour by communicating why the behaviour is inappropriate and informing the aggressor. Discussing the behaviour with the aggressor by telling them how it affects other people feel must be done. You must then identify and communicate consequences to the aggressor if the behaviour does not stop. Submissive Behaviour Submissive behaviour is when a person is shy from telling a person how they really feel and not seeking to achieve their needs, particularly when other people have conflicting needs. A submissive person usually fears upsetting others because they do not wish to hurt their feelings or fear them.
If a child or young person does confide in you, you must remember that they have to be told that it can’t be kept a secret and that it has to be reported to the appropriate person. As bullying can be upsetting informing the victim what will happen next can be reassuring for them. Supporting the victim through this can help them feel better within themselves. Don’t let them think that they are alone. Parents or carers can struggle to cope if their child is a victim of bullying.
Once he or she stops thinking about going to this place entirely, he or she will then start to feel better and the anxiety will disappear. This is an example of how classical conditioning and avoidance of these feared objects will make the phobia worse. There may be many different causes when it comes to phobias such as a childhood trauma or genetics, but classical conditioning plays an important role in either reinforcing or causing these simple phobias, sometimes both. Through this conditioning, people have repeatedly associated the fear with terrible anxiety, strengthening the fear. This can interfere with your everyday life, because a person will go to great extents and avoid numerous situations that may have snakes to do with it, such as an aquarium, or where ever snakes may be.
Had those around these people recognized the symptoms and assisted the person in getting help for their depression, many unfortunate incidents could be avoided. We must quit blaming others for not acting. We must quit stigmatizing those who suffer from severe depression and realize that in the end, we
This produces a feeling of discomfort leading to an alteration in one of the attitudes, beliefs or behaviors to reduce the discomfort and restore balance etc. For example, when people smoke and they know that smoking causes cancer. Attitudes may change because of factors within the person. An important factor here is the principle of cognitive consistency, the focus of Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance. This theory starts from the idea that we seek consistency in our beliefs and attitudes in any situation where two cognitions are inconsistent.
Underreporting occurs due to individuals being dishonest regarding their behavior, therefore causing an error in the research done. A possible solution to this limitation is focusing on observed behavior, and correlating the findings with the self-reporting behavior, therefore developing a conclusion that is more in-depth. Furthermore, Article 2 emphasized that other factors can influence self-labeling as a victim in relation to work-place bullying, not just anxiety and anger. In addition, discovering a moderation effect regarding negative acts of violence and self-labeling is hard to discover due to the psychological way an individual may experience an event. Lastly, Article 3 honed on the lack of variances of deviant behavior.
Depression is when you are experiencing one of those feelings that won’t go away. Having this feeling will affect your day to day life, school, work, sleep, social life etc. Most commonly people can’t control their negative thoughts, which makes there depression get even worse as they get even more negative thoughts. Loss of interest is another symptom to depression, in most situations the person with depression won’t notice this but their friends/family will. There is also a large amount of self-loathing this is when you’re feeling worthless or guilty and are also harshly criticizing your mistake, choices or fault.