Change In Gender Identity

693 Words3 Pages
Using information from Item B and elsewhere, assess the view that there have been major changes in gender identity in the last 40 years. In the following essay I will assess the view that there have been major changes in gender identity over the last 40 years. Gender is known as the behaviour that culture associates with masculinity and femininity. In this essay I will be describing the social and economic changes, the genderquake and various factors of change in gender identity such as mass media, the education system and the importance of family in gender-role socialization. I will be describing Sue Sharpe and Helen Wilkinson’s views towards the gender change, with other mentions of sociologists such as Mort, Ann Oakley and Hunt. I will then be criticising this view with the ideas of Collier (2002). Firstly, as Item B states, there is evidence that gender expectations and identity have been undergoing change in the last 40 years. For example, Sharpe (1994) argued that due to the increase of success for women in the working world, traditional ideas of female identity are being discarded. Sharpe’s research suggests that younger girls are now becoming more confident in terms of their rights and their priorities have changed from being a housewife and mother, to getting a good education, a degree and being able to support themselves financially. She also found out that there are signs that women are more likely to divorce husbands who are insistent on their wives playing an inferior domestic role. Helen Wilkinson (1994) argues that there has been an essential alter in terms of attitudes and values among women below the age of 35. Due to the drastic changes, she argues this should be known as ‘genderquake’ and claims this has led to an intense transformation in the distribution of power between male and female. Wilkinson argues that an uprising in women’s
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