Change in English Religion over Time Essay

744 WordsDec 7, 20133 Pages
The majority of religion in England was synonymous for centuries; however, in the late-fifteenth century, as science made its rise into the world and individuals began to think independently, questions arose about religion and theories evolved. This period of time has come to be known as the Scientific Revolution. Men such as John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, Baron de Montesquieu and Jean Jacques Rousseau played crucial roles during this time of enlightenment; they can also be given credit for the majority of questioned faith and mind-boggling ideas in citizens in Europe. Not only were these individuals and their time of “fame” responsible for this self-determining choice of religion and belief; Martin Luther, John Calvin and their involvement in the Protestant Reformation also helped give people a chance to practice or even begin their own religion. Roman Catholicism was the first and most prominent religion practiced in Europe until a series of historic milestones, especially the Protestant Reformation. John Calvin and Martin Luther are the men held accountable for this development. Though many people fell into the views of the Scientific Revolution participants, many individuals began to crave freedom of religion, soon which they obtained. Martin Luther began to nail his 95 Theses on doors of German businesses and homes, spreading his ideas of how he believed religion should be. Not only were his acts of bravery and independence eye-openers to Europeans; they were also a threat to the “all powerful” Catholic Church. He pointed out the flawed system by which the Pope and the Church enforced to followers, revealing the truth to the people, giving them all the more reason to convert to whatever religion they pleased and worship however they felt most comfortable. John Calvin is credited with the creation of Calvinism, another religion formed during the

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