These Chinese explorations were really helpful, but also really expensive because of the large timber ships that they built. The government put a policy shift against voyages, and put a greater focus on domestic matters. The Members of the Ming Court advocated a greater focus on domestic and continental matters, emphasizing agricultural production, internal stability, a military buildup and colonization at the edges of the Central Asian steppe, and refurbishment of the Great Wall, designed to repel invaders (DOC 3, 4). Even though China had earlier technological innovations than Europe did (DOC 2) Europe still succeeded because China was governed by ignorant
The political effects of Mongol rule in China and the Middle East were similar in their leadership. In China and in the Middle East Mongols served as governers and conquerors. The Mongols knew that just conquering the regions would only temporarily benefit them. So they became governors as well to be able keep control of such large regions. This was also a way for the Mongols to ensure their government was stable and trustable instead of having others govern the state.
The Kings were converts of Christianity just to establish closer relations with Portuguese whereas Chinese has great problems with the exclusivity of Christianity but the Jesuits were respectful of Chinese culture and won a few converts. China had an outstanding naval capacity in the early 1400s and the Chinese used a tribute system as a basis for trade and restricted access of foreign traders to Chinese markets, particularly by limiting them to specified ports under controls established by the central government. China experienced economic changes,
This is clearly observed through imperialism, which was the extension of control over people and territories, by forced submission through military superiority. As a result China was forced into an unequal relationship whereby they were forced to accept treaties, which reduced their sphere of influence and sovereignty. However it also resulted in the embracing of modern technology and revolutions that led China to become the nation it is today. In the first 50 years of from 1750 to 1800, western imperialism had little effect on China due to military and economic strength. During this period China was under the rein of Qian Long and was still considered the “Middle Kingdom”.
Also in Russia, all of the tax went to Moscow because Moscow was the tax collector because Chinggis Khan did not live directly in Russia, so this helped build Russia’s wealth. In China, since the Mongols lived directly in China, the Mongols could receive all tribute directly from China, which depleted China’s economy. Another way the Mongols affected China and Russia differently was that the tribute they got from Russia they kept but the tribute they got from China they reinvested. In Russia, there was no promotion, but in China the Mongols repaired roads, built and repaired canals and built new cities which helped with trading and economic growth within China. The Mongol rule on Russia and China initially affected both civilizations in a beneficial way, but at times the economies of both civilizations were in devastating conditions.
China was a country of dynastic splendor, such as the Manchu Dynasty in the 1900s, but was later on tainted by imperialism. At first, Chinese had become very advanced in many areas, like astronomy, mathematics, etc. However, due to its isolation and lack of modernization, it became weaker than the other nations. Knowing this, aforementioned nations like Japan and Europe began to spread their influence and power into China. Imperialism became a huge component of China’s history, from 1839 to 1935.
While China have been doing this the countries In the Middle East with the oil have been trying to shift away from having a customer base from over dependence on the Western market and so they have been looking at rapidly growing markets like China. Another example of how a good relationship leafs to a good supply of energy is the case of the US and Saudi Arabia. They had a symbiotic relationship, meaning that they depended on each other, but in the aftermath of 9/11 their relationship has become increasingly strained. This is because 15 out of the 19 hijackers were of Saudi nationality. However, they need to have a good relationship so they can both survive as Saudi Arabia need the money from exporting and the US need the energy.
But after the collapse of Rome, Persia, and Han or classical societies, trading fell. In addition to, once the Mongols took power in 1200 CE, trade along the Silk Road increased. This is because of the safety of the Silk Road because the Mongols protected it. Interactions on the Silk Road changed as related to amount of trading because different societies had different economies and different technologies. Classical societies traded in the Silk Road because it was the fastest and cheapest to do.
Although the Qin Dynasty was short there were many significant achievements that the first emperor left behind. The Qin Dynasty increased the country's trade, military security, and improved agriculture. This all resulted because of the abolition of landowning lords (nobility) creating more job opportunities for the people of China. There were many new technological innovations during the Qin dynasty. The most notable was in Ancient China's military security.
It was easier and quicker to be able to talk to other people or meet up with family. So overall new railroads did really help people socially. The next reason why the developments in transportation brought about social and economic change in the United States was because of all the different types of transportation. One of the new types of transportation throughout this time period were the steamboats invented by Robert Fulton. The steamboats really helped with trading goods with other countries.