Punishment versus Rehabilitation
Punishment versus Rehabilitation, there has been many debates on the effectiveness of punishment compared to the effectiveness of rehabilitation of convicted offenders in prison and under community supervision. Punishment is the act of inflicting a consequence or penalty on someone as a result of their wrongdoing, or the consequence or penalty itself. Punishment can come in many various forms. Examples of these forms of punishment are extensive prison sentence, probation, community service, drug treatment and etc. The consequence of punishment could be easy for some offenders and cause long-term physiological effects for others. Some critics claim with plea bargaining leading within our court system, offenders aren’t being punished enough. Rehabilitation is to return an effective life which could mean by therapy or an institution. Rehabilitation programs are created to avoid habitual offending and give the offender the opportunity to become a productive citizen. While incarcerated the offender will have the opportunity to receive rehabilitation through counseling, substance abuse treatment, and/or education. This paper will explore deterrence of crime, effect on victims and victims’ families, effect on the offender, the social effect on society and the fiscal effect on society.
Deterrence of Crime
The word deterrence has the clear definition as the attempt to discourage crime by the use of punishment. Deterrence theory if one commits a crime the benefit should outweigh the crime itself, if not an individual will think twice before committing another crime. The theory does not explain criminal behavior, to prevent crime from occurring the law will show through punishment, but the punishment should outweigh the potential crime. With the two components of deterrence Punishment dispensed to the wrong doer to prevent them from recommitting the crime, and put the fear of...