A problem of the diagnosis of schizophrenia known as co-morbidity this is when the symptoms of schizophrenia overlap with many other disorders, such as, depression and bipolar disorder. This is a problem because the patient may be misdiagnosed and given the wrong type of treatment which will not cure the symptoms they have and may cause another type of illness. This can be solved by multiple diagnosis this will also improve the inter rater reliability. Reliability is the extent in to which two or more medical specialists have consistent results in their diagnosis. The validity externally is very difficult as there are cultural barriers, as psychiatrists from different cultures interpret symptoms differently resulting in people being diagnosed schizophrenia in one culture but not in another.
The additional comments are made as an attempt to shed light on what is happening locally and the significant global issues impacting the severely mentally ill in our state and our nation. State laws that make it possible for people in psychiatric crisis to be hospitalized involuntarily in an emergency are poorly understood or perceived as too complicated to
The diathesis-stress model, as an example of a multidimensional model, suggests that a disorder depends on two distinct factors: Diathesis: a vulnerability or pre-disposition, and stress: a severe or disabling environmental event (Eysenck, M. 2008). One-dimensional are being, in practice, replaced by multidimensional models. This essay will aim to describe and evaluate the medical model and the psychological model, specifically the psychodynamics perspective, as explanations for the causes of abnormalities. The quintessential characteristic of the medical model is that abnormal behaviours, regarded as illnesses, result from underlying physical causes; therefore should be treated medically (Gross, R. 2006). The four kinds of medical explanations are: infection, biochemistry, neuroanatomy and genetic factors.
How does advocacy play a role in the mentally disabled population? This paper will discuss some issues the mentally ill face and how advocacy is crucial to meet their needs. Mental Illness Mental illness is defined as any condition that impairs or disables an individual’s normal cognitive, emotional, psychological, or biochemical make up. This can be genetic or can be caused by head trauma or infection (Merriam Webster, 2013). Mentally Ill Populations Need for Advocacy As a case manager I encounter many issues trying to help the clients that I serve in the mentally ill population.
Predicting Dangerousness When judging whether a patient is a danger to themselves the mental health professionals are often called on. They are also asked as part of the legal proceedings to determine whether people should be involuntarily hospitalized or maintained involuntarily in a mental facility. The accuracy of the judgments made by these professionals on predicting the dangerousness of these people is in question. The mental health professionals are not very accurate when it comes to predicting the dangerousness of the people they treat. They are more likely to over predict, in some cases people may be labeled as dangerous when they are not.
Problems related with identifying BPD ….………………….4 4. Problems related with diagnosing BPD ….. ………………...5 5. Conclusion ………………………………………………….6 1. Introduction Borderline Personality Disorder is a serious psychiatric disorder which at first was difficult to treat and poorly understood. The identification and diagnosis of the disorder was difficult for many therapists.
My role as a psychiatric nurse and/or manager is understanding that as there are issues with confidentiality in medicine, so are there issues with confidentiality in behavioral health. If not more so this becomes an issue secondary to patients/clients seeking help within the context of a stigma, a labeling of a disease, what is looked upon by others as an imperfection. “Attention to ethical issues at the intersection of computing and mental health began more than a decade ago and has tended to emphasize confidentiality and privacy, professional standards, therapy, and most recently care management.” (Goodman, 1998, p. 19) What values are threatened by the increasing use of information and communication technologies in health care. Values such as respect are threatened by the use of information and communication technologies. “The inclusion of advanced directives in the electronic medical record whether respect is improved or not.” (Goodman, 1998, p. 19) Goodman speaks about the use of electronic
The issue of giving mental health patient rights is a rather controversial one, as often the right of the patient to refuse certain treatment or care may result in serious health consequences for the patient and can be seen as neglect of the healthcare provider. According to researchers and healthcare providers, when a mental health patient is admitted to a healthcare facility, he/she may lose certain abilities, most notably: * The ability to schedule time; * The ability to choose and control his/her activities; * Ability to manage financial and legal affairs; * Ability to make important decisions (Cady, 2010, p. 117). The abilities, mentioned above, are important for decision making and may result in serious health consequences for the patient, so leading health professionals and researchers distinguish between the forms of mental disorders and the extentto which they affect people, differentiating between competent and incompetent patients. According to Buchanan (2004), legal competence requires the following capacities, most notably: * To reason and deliberate; * Hold appropriate goals and values; * Appreciate one’s circumstances; * Understand
The hypothesis of this article is to test if the Gamblers Fallacy is associated with weak affective decision making. This is supported by the notion that Gamblers Fallacy results from imbalanced cognitive and emotional decision making skills, those who have impaired affective decision making skills exhibit behavior
This shift did not come without its problem; instead if came with many implications for people living with mental illness. Reform increased the burden on families and society due to inadequate care when needed. Thereby, escalating stigmatisation, homelessness, unmanaged medications, self-harm and harm to other people (Bland et al., 2009). These changes created implications for social workers because inadequate funding and cuts to services limited the way services were delivered. Even though there were principles to guide social work practice in mental health, tension emerged between evidence based practice, recovery principles and the lived experiences of mental health.