Challenges in Identifying Mental Disorders

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Psychology Name Institution Challenges in Identifying Mental Disorders Mental disorder is a condition that has affected many people in the world. However, what is worrying much is the complexity of identifying the challenging disorder. This paper tries to examine the difficulties that medics face in identifying and recognizing most of the mental disorders. This means that failure to identify the actual disorder results to giving wrong medication or inappropriate special care. Therefore, understanding the impact of a person’s mental health developmental problem and its medical features becomes a paramount issue when it comes to diagnosis and medical intervention (Kenrick, 2009). In mental health, being normal or abnormal depends on different conditions or circumstances. Similarly, the term ‘abnormal’ has different explanations biologically and psychologically. In order to analyze practical and theoretical challenges in defining the term ‘abnormal’, three approaches are used. The first approach is the statistical abnormality. This abnormality occurs when a certain characteristic or behavior is crucial to a small percentage of a population. An example of such abnormality is the extreme attractiveness or wealth. The second approach is the psychometric abnormality. This occurs when a certain characteristic or behavior differs from the normal dispersion of a population. An example of this abnormality is a person having an Intelligent Quotient (IQ) of about 35 while the average population has an IQ of 100. However, this is not an indication of a specific mental illness. The last abnormality is a measure of deviant behavior. Such behavior sometimes does occur without the presence of a mental disorder. Other combinations such as dysfunction, distress, inept responses and distorted processes cause harm to individuals. These abnormalities may change as social norms
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