Challenges and Aspects to Be Fair-Minded

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Challenges to be a fair minded critical thinker and aspects of preparations Fair-minded is the best thinkers. They do not pursue selfish goals and seek to manipulate others, in which, they strive to be fair-minded even when it means they have to give something up in the process. They recognize that the mind is not naturally fair-minded, but selfish, and they recognize that to be fair-minded, they also must develop specific traits of mind— traits such as intellectual humility, intellectual integrity, intellectual courage, intellectual autonomy, intellectual empathy, intellectual perseverance, and confidence in reason. In order to develop as a fair-minded thinker, first, you will have to “practice” being fair-minded. Second, you will have to catch yourself in acts of selfishness and begin to correct your behavior. Third, you will have to become committed to living a rational, compassionate, contributory life, to look outside yourself and see how your behavior affects other people. Last, you will have to decide, again and again, that being fair-minded is crucial to your identity as a person The basic intellectual skills that critical thinking entails can be the initial point for skills in either a selfish or a fair-minded way. Critical thinking can serve two incompatible ends: self-centeredness or fair-mindedness. A weak-sense critical thinker is although it is working well for the thinker in some respects, it is missing certain important, higher-level skills and values of critical thinking. Most significantly, it fails to consider, in good faith, viewpoints that contradict its own viewpoint. It lacks fair-mindedness. Another traditional name for the weak-sense thinker is sophist. Sophistry is the art of winning arguments regardless of whether there are problems in the thinking being used, regardless of whether relevant viewpoints are being ignored. The

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