Ch. 9 Outline

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North American Communities from Coast to Coast • The Former American Colonies o Great population growth in U.S.A.: 1790-1800 pop grew 3.9 mil. to 5.3 mil. o From 1800-1850, huge territorial expansion, from sea to sea in fifty years. • Spanish Colonies o Tensions mounted between peninsulares and criollos. o Spanish established a chain of 21 missions in a last effort to protect Mexico. o American traders were making inroads on Spanish-held territory along the Mississippi River. • Haiti and the Caribbean o Provided 80-90% of European sugar. o French colony, Saint-Domingue, black slave revolt in 1791. o Led by L’Ouverture, the colony was renamed Haiti and became NA’s first independent black nation. o This revolt scared white slave owners and sent hope to enslaved peoples. • British North America o British NA is mostly just Canada § Population was mostly French with some loyalists that were kicked out of U.S. o The govt. in Canada reflected lessons learned in the colonies. • Russian America o Rapidly expanding presence in Alaska and the Northwest. o Fur Trade on Aleutian Islands fueled expansion. o Americans did not really care since they were distracted by the Brits in Canada. • Trans-Appalachia: Cincinnati o People moved to the Ohio River system for fertile land. o Due to an increasing population the area earned state hood § Kentucky- 1792 § Tennessee- 1796 o Migration was a principal feature of American life, § From 1790 to 1800 1/3 of the homes on the Atlantic coast had moved. o Cincinnati was a good representation of then rapid growth seen during this time period; it’s pop. tripled from 1800-10. o This was also a key location, because goods could be sent downstream to N.O. • Atlantic Ports: From Charleston to Boston o Despite the

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