Cervical Cancer Essay

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Abstract Cervical cancer is the second most leading malignancy and is the most common cause of cancer-related mortality among Filipino women. High-risk of different types of human papillomavirus (HPV), such as the 16 and 18, are constantly identified in Filipino women with cervical cancer. the Factors identified to increase the likelihood of HPV infection and subsequent development of cervical cancer include young age at first intercourse, has a low socioeconomic status, smoking, use of oral contraception and risky sexual behaviors. Although it is considered as a preventable disease, the burden of cervical cancer in the Philippines remains to be moderately high, where the cost of nationwide organized cytology screening has been a significant limitation. The standard of treatment of cervical cancer is radiotherapy concurrent with chemotherapy. In addition, prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for the prevention of infection and associated disease and its cellular abnormalities is being considered as other cervical cancer control strategy. Causes There are two types of cells on the cervix's surface, the squamous and columnar. Most cervical cancers are from squamous cells. It starts in the cells on the surface of the cervix. Cervical cancer usually develops and very slowly. Almost all cervical cancers are caused by HPV (human papilloma virus). HPV is a widespread virus that is spread through sexual intercourse. There are various different types of HPV. Some strains lead to cervical cancer. A woman's sexual habits and patterns can increase her risk for cervical cancer. Risky sexual practices include having sex at an early age, having multiple sexual partners, and having various partners or partners who take part in high-risk sexual activities. Women whose mothers took the drug DES (diethylstilbestrol) during their pregnancy in the early 1960s to

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