Chronic Disease: Cervical Cancer
The disease that I chose to do my assessment on was cervical cancer. I chose this disease because I find it interesting and a little scary. Cervical cancer is when the cells that line the cervix develop pre-cancerous changes that turn into cancer. If abnormal cells are recognized before it turns to cancer, there are treatments that can be done such as freezing the cells and removing them. There are two types of cervical cancer squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Between 80 and 90% of all cervical cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. I think that it is important to know that only some women with pre-cancers of the cervix will develop cancer, but there is always that chance that it could be you.
The risk factors for cervical cancer are: human papilloma virus infection (hpv). HPV is common and most people are able to get rid of the virus on their own, others may need treatment. Certain types of HPV are considered high risk because they are linked directly to cancer including cancer of the cervix, vulva, and vagina in women, penile cancer in men and anal and oral cancer for both men and women. Smoking is also a risk factor. Smoking is a risk factor for many diseases and illnesses. Immunosuppressant (HIV) is the virus that causes aids, which is another risk factor for cervical cancer. Chlamydia infection is a type of bacteria that can infect the reproductive system which is also a risk factor for cervical cancer. Other risk factors include diet, birth control pills over a long period of time, intrauterine device use (IUD) which is another form of birth control, multiple full-term pregnancies, young age at the first full-term pregnancy, poverty, women who cannot afford to get regular checkups may not know there is a problem until it is too late, and family history of cervical cancer. Some of these risk factors are controllable and should be controlled if you are at a higher risk of getting cervical cancer. If a...