Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni The Hypogeum of Paola, Malta, literally meaning "underground" in Greek, is a subterranean structure dating to the Saflieni phase in Maltese prehistory. Thought to be originally a sanctuary, it became a necropolis in prehistoric times. It is the only prehistoric underground temple in the world. The Hypogeum was depicted on a 2 cents 5 mils stamp issued in the Maltese Islands in 1980 to commemorate the acceptance by UNESCO of this unique structure in the World Heritage Site list. It was closed to visitors between 1992 and 1996 for restoration works; since it reopened only 80 people per day are allowed entry and there can be a 2–3 weeks wait to get a ticket.
Except for the missing parts, which were apparently broken already in antiquity, the statue has survived in a surprisingly good state, with many traces of paint preserved. This is an extremely rare phenomenon, because most of the statues around that time were painted, the paint remained in only a few. Eros
The complex burials by the Etruscans and Egyptians still remains culturally, ethnically and historically significant to this very day. Even though these two civilizations existed for over thousands of years ago, the tombs have still remained incredibly valuable in today’s society. Etruscan and ancient Egyptian tombs are so alike yet so different. The Etruscans were the first major rulers of Rome, and their customs were incorporated into the early Roman customs. Etruscan society was not centralized nor dominated by a single leader or imperial city.
Chinese civilization has produced an uncountable number of artifacts valued the world over and considered to be humanity’s cultural heritage. For an example, one needs to look no further than the notorious ceramics of the Ming dynasty, historic paintings on silk, lacquered boxes, and many other pieces of pictorial and sculptural art. But probably one of the most well-known artifacts is the so-called Terracotta Army – a sculptural ensemble of about 10000 statues. The collection depicts the army of the first Emperor of China known as Qin Shi Huang. The statues were found in early 1970’s in a dark cavern in Xian, located in Shangxi province (Capek, 2008).
Their "calendar year" consisted of fifty-two years. However, the Olmec had three hundred and sixty days in their year, as opposed to the modern-day calendar of three hundred and sixty-five days. Because they had no writing system and much later, they used a few symbols to represent numbers. The belief system which practically all Mesoamerican nations would follow was the Olmec's polytheistic religion. Of the many gods that the Olmec worshiped, the principle god was the Earth god, who took form as a half-jaguar, half-serpent being.
Each has the same scale and attitude, and shows the Amazon wearing a loose chiton that is gathered at the waist and falls from one shoulder or the other, exposing the breast. The Amazon by Cydon, who otherwise is unknown as a sculptor, almost certainly is mistaken for Cydonia in Crete, the birthplace of Cresilas. Any attribution would be difficult, in any event, as his style cannot be known. The Amazon of Phradmon is presumed lost, although a statue in the Villa Doria Pamphili (Rome) presented as Artemis has been attributed to him. There is only this single example, however, and so cannot be considered a type.
Although limestone was available the building material primarily used was stone, especially high quality marble. There was an abundance of marble both on the main lands and the islands of Greece. Marble was a major contributor of precision of details in the architecture of the ancient Greek. The ancient Greeks developed temple architecture over time. The rectangular temple, like the Parthenon, is the most well-known form of Greek public architecture.
Ancient Task Great Incan Empire fell in the 16th century, falling to disease and the Spanish conquest. However, one site was to remain unfound and lost to the world for the next four Centuries. This majestic site was called Machu Picchu, a city in the clouds that rests at 2460m in altitude on the ridge of 2 mountains. Located in Peru, it is surrounded by agricultural terraces and waterways, Machu Picchu is scene to palaces, temples and over 150 houses, all made of granite stone and in remarkable states of preservation. The purpose of Machu Picchu has been argued extensively.
2600 BC-2300 BC), both of which were eventually superseded by the Book of the Dead. They were first known type of funerary texts were the pyramid texts. They consisted of around 800 utterances (spells) which were carved into the walls of the 8 pyramids built during the Old Kingdom. These utterances were not written in any particular order. These showed the Ancient Egyptians view of the afterlife.
After consecrating all these three temples in the same day, Khara is believed to have become a deer and was doing service to the Gods. It is believed that the God in Ettumanoor took the deer in his hand and held it there, Because of that, this place was called Udhruthaina Puram, which translated to Malayalam became Ettumanoor (The place where the deer was lifted). The major worship in this temple is lighting of lamps. An ever glowing, very big lamp can be seen as soon as you enter the temple. The devotees pour oil on to this lamp.