Cell Theory Quiz

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Which of the following is not a fundamental idea of cell theory? | | | A) | All organisms contain prokaryotic cells. | | | B) | Cells arise only from previously existing cells. | | | C) | Cells are the basic unit of structure for all living organisms. | | | D) | All living organisms are composed of one or more cells. | | | | | | Feedback: Cell theory states: all living things are made of cells; cells basic units of structure and organization; cells arise only from previously existing cells. Most prokaryotic cells do not have specialized internal structures. | | 2 CORRECT | | A ____ contains polar and nonpolar ends, forming the plasma membrane. | | | A) | microtubule | | | B) | transport protein | |…show more content…
| | | C) | Osmotic pressure caused the cell to rupture. | | | D) | The cell was damaged by bacteria. | | | | | | Feedback: Since the cells are in a hypotonic solution, water entered by osmosis until the osmotic pressure ruptured the cell. | | 6 CORRECT | | The semifluid environment inside the plasma membrane is called ____. | | | A) | endoplastic reticulum | | | B) | microtubules | | | C) | cytoplasm | | | D) | mitochondria | | | | | | Feedback: The cell's chemical processes take place in a semifluid material called the cytoplasm. This material provides an ideal environment for organelles because of its fluidity. | | 7 CORRECT | | This shows an example of endoplasmic reticulum. What is the significance of its structure? | | | A) | provides a location for DNA production | | | B) | helps decrease surface area | | | C) | allows selective permeability of cell membrane | | | D) | facilitates breakdown of chemical bonds | | | | | | Feedback: The pleats and folds of the endoplasmic reticulum provides a large surface area where cellular functions, such as breaking chemical bonds, can take place. |…show more content…
These proteins open and close the membrane. | | 11 CORRECT | | What did Robert Hooke use to study this organism? | | | A) | light microscope | | | B) | electron microscope | | | C) | cork chamber | | | D) | DNA analysis | | | | | | Feedback: Robert Hooke used a primitive light microscope to observe organisms such as this flea, as well as cork, which led him to the notion of cells. | | 12 CORRECT | | What does this depict? | | | A) | cytoskeleton | | | B) | fluid mosaic model | | | C) | impermeable membrane | | | D) | genetic material | | | | | | Feedback: Phospholipids in the plasma membrane create a fluid environment in which other molecules can float, allowing selective permeability. This is known as the fluid mosaic model. | | 13 CORRECT | | What effect has eukaryotic evolution had on cells? | | | A) | more simplified structures | | | B) | greater adaptability

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