Reformation of the Church Despite the similarities of scripture and the beliefs of followers during the Lutheran and Catholic reformation their differences kept the two sides apart as enemies. During the start of the sixteenth century, people were displeased with the corruption and specials favors the church offered to few individuals which started a great Reformation. People from all social classes began to resent the power behind the church and question their authority to decide who gets into heaven. While the starting point of the Lutheran Reformation was when Martin Luther posted his theses, that caused the beginning of a long needed Reformation across Europe. The ideas of the Reforms came from the side of Martin Luther and the common people of the Catholic church who had started to question the clergy of the Catholic Church such as the pope.
are strongly in-line with Natural Law. Many Christians adopt deontological positions and think we should act according to God's design or purpose for our lives. They may be less influenced by Aquinas in this, and Protestants tend to be less sure about moral absolutes. However, there is still a strong sense of following rules within most Christian denominations. Aquinas said: “Consequently, law must needs concern itself mainly with the order that is in beatitude.” From this we can see that the Bible played a big part in the development of Natural Law; this proves that Christians make moral decisions through a multiple of different ways.
Traditionalist Catholics generally prefer to be referred to either simply as Catholics or Roman Catholic. In recent years, remarks by Gibson have generated accusations of homophobia, anti-Semitism, and racism; he has apologized repeatedly for the statements and denied that they represent his real opinions. Another big difference in the two movies is the fact that Mary, the Mother of Jesus, does not appear in “Superstar” at all yet she plays a major role in “The Passion”. This may be attributed to Mel Gibson’s Catholic background. It does follow the gospel more closely.
Explain the main ethical principles of religion you have studied (25 marks) Christianity is a religion of many different branches and because of this there is no universal set of ethics. This lack of absolute ethics amongst Christians is due to the diversity of Christianity as there are many denominations for example Roman Catholic Christianity and Protestantism. Roman Catholic Christianity bases its ethics on the Holy Bible and the magisterium which consists of the Pope and the cardinals; in contrast to Protestantism that sees the Holy Bible as the only source of authority. Though both denominations follow the bible they interpret and accept the different parts of the bible. In general, there are similar ethical beliefs amongst Christians due to Judaism being the only root of Christian ethics.
The King was a keen theologian, and was prepared to incorporate evangelical ideas into his new Church where he saw fit. But he wasn't comfortable with the alterations, and from 1539 onwards he reversed most of his previous policies. In 1539 the Act of Six Articles returned the Church to unambiguous Catholic orthodoxy apart from papal supremacy. Amongst other things, transubstantiation and auricular confession were reaffirmed. Clerical marriage, which had crept in, was condemned, and vows of chastity were now held to be unbreakable.
She also kept religious images and traditional church robes in her churches, and even allowed unofficial Puritan church services. However, Puritans still weren’t happy with the religious settlement Elizabeth had decided on because they believed it to still be too Catholic, so they formed an opposition movement. The “Puritan Choir” were also involved
In some cases the Church didn’t live up to their prestige and was forced to reform, like at the Council of Trent. The harsh inquisitions of this time would also put a dark shadow over the operations of the Church. In the 1500’s The Roman Catholic Church
Christians say that God is not to be described in terms of sex, yet they use a variety of masculine terms to describe God (Pagels). The Mother Mary is recognized for being the mother of Jesus Christ. However she is not believed to be divine in her own right (Pagels). It is almost as if Mary was important because she carried the son of God, but less important than God or Jesus due to the fact that she is still a women. Orthodox Christians of the time viewed women in a primitive manner.
FRQ: Compare and contrast Lutheran and catholic reformations The catholic and Lutheran reformations were revolutionary events in history in which the Christian religion divided into the different sects that exist today, Catholicism and Protestantism. The Lutheran reformation is when Luther studied scriptures and came to the conclusion that the papacy was an invalid power and corrupt. The catholic reformation was the Catholic Church’s attempt to resolve corruption and other serious issues within the Catholic Church. This was also done to reform the catholic church so it is more appealing and hence, less conversions to protestant branches of Christianity such and Lutheranism. These two events were similar and different in two aspects: they were different because while the Lutheran reformation had many doctrinal changes, the catholic reforms made no revisions whatsoever to the beliefs of the catholic church; and they were similar because they both resolved many corrupt practices which was critical for both Protestantism and Catholicism because it added an appeal to the two sects of Christianity allowing either of them to gain popularity.
At the Council of Trent the Catholic authorities attempted to clean up the act of the Protestants by trying to persuade them to believe in all seven sacraments and reaffirmed this belief as well. Many other beliefs were reaffirmed as well; beliefs such as Monasteries, Miracles, Saints, Holy Relics, etc. Protestant beliefs constantly differed with a good amount of the beliefs from the Catholics, which caused it to branch off as a completely different religion itself, however the purpose of this council was to set the Protestants straight by reading to them doctrines from the Catholic Church, and other biblical beliefs. Although it might not have worked completely, it did subside some tensions between both