Explain how issues of validity and/or reliability may affect the classification and/or diagnosis of schizophrenia  Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder. This means it’s a loss of contact with reality, consistent with serious mental illness which typically includes delusions, hallucinations and disordered thinking. The disorder was first identified by Kraeplin(1986) who used the term ‘Dementia Praecox’. Bleuler (1911) later coined the term schizophrenia, which means split (schizo) mind (phrenia). Classification involves identifying groups or patterns of behavioural symptoms that occur together to form a type of mental disorder (e.g.
Critical Analysis of the History and Treatment of Schizophrenia in Modern Psychology In the field of modern psychology and in American society at large schizophrenia remains a largely misunderstood mental illness since its first mention in the DSM-I under the classification of “schizophrenic reactions” (Tartakovsky, 2010). Schizophrenia, as with many mental disorders and illnesses, remains somewhat of a taboo subject in today’s culture. For that reason, it is vitally important to understand the diagnosis, along with its history, prevalence, causes, treatment and impact. Today, the DSM-V has six main criteria for diagnosis including characteristic according to Tandon et al. (2013).
Schizophrenia cannot be diagnosed if an existing mood disorder or developmental disorder has been diagnosed, or if there are organic origins. Diagnosis is complicated by having to rule these things out. However, some individuals do not fit within the categories created. Schizophrenia has a strong co-morbidity with mood disorders that it is considered a fundamental characteristic. Buckley et al (2009) identified the following co-morbidities with schizophrenia and suggested that they might represent sub types of schizophrenia: panic disorder 15%, post traumatic stress 29%,
Case Study HCA/210 Case Study According to The American Heritage Dictionary (n.d.), mental illness is any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual's normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma. Mental illness affects the way a person thinks or behaves. Bipolar, schizophrenia, and depression are among the most common mental illnesses people hear about today. It is far more difficult to spot a mental illness than a physical illness because a mental illness is not always apparent. The difference being, physical illness can be seen, and mental illness can hide, even masquerade it’s symptoms for long periods of time without any treatment.
The author will examine the limitations and restrictions of CBT in the wider principles of mental healthcare provision and consider how the application of CBT within the practice of Mental Health Nursing can influence the possible future development and advancement, of new nursing models/concepts of nursing practice, in particular the author will examine the impact of CBT with the recovery process. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy was founded by Aaron Beck in the late 1960’s and is based on the concept of irrational cognitive processes which have been learned and maintained through enforcement. Beck describes cognitive therapy as ‘…. An active, directive, time-limited, structured approach used to treat a variety of psychiatric disorders (for example, depression, anxiety, phobias, pain problems (Beck et al 1976). The cognitive model assumes that clients have a negative view of themselves, their environment and the future.
A problem of the diagnosis of schizophrenia known as co-morbidity this is when the symptoms of schizophrenia overlap with many other disorders, such as, depression and bipolar disorder. This is a problem because the patient may be misdiagnosed and given the wrong type of treatment which will not cure the symptoms they have and may cause another type of illness. This can be solved by multiple diagnosis this will also improve the inter rater reliability. Reliability is the extent in to which two or more medical specialists have consistent results in their diagnosis. The validity externally is very difficult as there are cultural barriers, as psychiatrists from different cultures interpret symptoms differently resulting in people being diagnosed schizophrenia in one culture but not in another.
It will portray how dangerous confrontation investigation is integrated in the care delivery of people experiencing with mental health issues specifically from a nursing viewpoint. I will also endeavor to discuss the disadvantage and the ethics of contemplation and evaluate care delivery in a further organized therapeutic method. Bandman and Bandman, (2002) imply that in order to examine an incident we need to ponder analytically, reflecting on our opinions, viewpoints, approaches and usage of semantic. Gamble and Brennan, (2000) imply that understanding amongst contemplation and dangerous opinion to be constructed on contemplative opinion. John’s Reflective Cycle, Pearson, A., Vaughan, B., Fitzgerald, M. (1996) will also be described in this essay to provide the reader a strong understanding and examination of the occurrence, emphasizing the management of risk as a main concern.
Today I am going to talk to you about Schizophrenia and a closer look into my experiences of being diagnosed with it. When a doctor describes schizophrenia as a psychotic disorder, it means that, in their view, the patient can’t tell their own intense thoughts, ideas, perceptions and imaginings from reality. There are different types of schizophrenia. The most common one is paranoid schizophrenia which if generally a manifestation on multiple symptoms. Different patients will have different symptoms which will indicate what type of schizophrenia they have.
J Psychiatr Res 33(6):513-521. Lewis SW, Murray RM (1987), Obstetric complications, neurodevelopmental deviance, and the risk of schizophrenia. J Psychiatr Res 21(4):413-421. Procopio M (2005), Does god play dice with schizophrenia? A probabilistic model for the understanding of causation in mental illness.
Schizophrenia Evaluation PSY/340 Schizophrenia Evaluation The Genetics, Brain Structure, and Behavior Presentation Evaluation assignment requires that an evaluation be done on one of the fellow team presentations. The presentation that described Schizophrenia explained the neurological damage, behavioral and functional changes, suspected or known causes of the illness, the role of genetics and the treatments and therapies for Schizophrenia were analyzed and evaluated. Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that affects only one percent of the population, but it causes life changing symptoms that are debilitating to those who are affected. After reviewing and evaluating the team’s presentation, the overall presentation was precise