Causes of the Cold War

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1. What were the causes of the cold war? How did the United States and the Soviet Union each react to what it perceived to be the other’s hostility? What was the effect of the Cold War on Europe? The paper will focus on the cause and effect of the Cold War that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union that began at the end World War II. The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II, and they were fighting for their survival against Germany, Italy, and Japan. Many other countries were involved as the allies had made agreements at the Teheran, Yalta, and Potsdam Conferences, which at the end of the World War led them into the Cold War. To understand what happened at these conferences and what agreements were made we need to look closer at these areas. The Teheran Conference (in Iran) took place in 1943 and the agreement made by the United States and the Great Britain was that the Soviet Union would be granted more territory, such as eastern Poland, Bessarabia, and Bukovina. The United States also provided weapons, food, and other supplies to help support the Soviet Union’s fight against Germany. There was also talk of strategies for how to defeat the Nazi’s (Germany). Stalin wanted to launch a full-scale attack against Germany, but this attack didn’t take place until two years later. This was the start of Stalin not trusting the United States and Great Britain. It is not clear why the United States and Great Britain didn’t launch their attack, but possibly they didn’t want to show weakness to the Soviet Union. The Yalta (now the Ukraine) was the second conference that took place in February 1945 between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Premier Stalin. They came out of the conference with the Yalta declaration that declared to destroy Germany Nazism and an agreement to never disturb the peace in the world
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