Causes of the Civil War Essay

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The Causes of the Civil War The American Civil War was a war fought within the United States of America between the North (Union) and the South (Confederacy) starting from 1861 and ending in 1865. This war was one of the most destructive events in American history, costing more than 600,000 lives. It was thought to be one that helped shape the character of the American individual today. From the Southern point of view, this war was a War of Rebellion, or a War for Southern Independence. From the Northern point of view this war was seen as a revolution. This unfortunate war started as a result of many years of differences between the Union and the Confederacy. It erupted after many years of conflict building up between the two regions. Between the North and the South there lay deep economic, social and political differences between the South and the North, federal rights versus the state, the differences between slave and non-slave state proponents, growth of the abolition movement, and the election of Abraham Lincoln. Slavery was the roots to the war leading to all different causes of the war. By time, economic differences also developed between the two regions. There were many differences in economy as shown in Document 3. Document 3 shows the agrarian society of a southern cotton plantation in the 1850’s compared to, the industrial Pittsburgh factories of the 1850’s. The Southern states were agrarian states, and depended on agriculture rather than industrialization. After the Cotton Gin was invented, it increased the need for slaves and made cotton the chief crop of the South. The South was able to produce 7/8 of the world’s supply of cotton. This increased the South's dependence on the plantation system and its vital component, slavery. But by then, the North was prospering industrially. It feared that the South’s slave-based economy might affect their

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