The Effectiveness of Political Compromise From the beginning of the United States, sectional differences had existed between the North and South. During the tumultuous years leading up to the Civil War, however, these differences became so serious that they threatened to divide the Union. The political compromises made in the period between 1820 and 1861 were effective only in reducing sectional tensions for a limited amount of time as they avoided the bigger issues and contradicted each other as evidenced by the Missouri Compromise, the case of Dred Scott v. Stanford, and the Compromise of 1850. There were many issues dividing the North and the South, but the most controversial by far was slavery. Slavery was seen as a moral abomination in the North and as a way of life in the South.
I believe that the Civil War began with the debate over the future of slavery. That very issue led to secession, and secession caused a war where the Northern states fought for the ground of the Union, and the South for their independence as a new confederation of states under its own constitution. It seems to me that any disagreement leads to some form of resentment. We tend to not like what we don’t understand, and it was hard for the North to understand why the Southern states were itching for freedom from them. It seems from a broader point of view that the North has gone through so much just for the Southern states of America to exist.
The country cannot go on cultivating such a ‘prized’ crop without the hands of slaves. It was an impossible thought for the south. If labor work didn’t continue in the south then the south would fall. (Document B). Abraham Lincoln’s speech in Illinois (Document D) warned all Americans that if the exploitation of slaves for a profit continued then the nation may dwindle and maybe even their freedom.
Additionally, the verdict had many political and social implications, provoked angry resentment in the North and led the country a step closer to civil war. After the Civil War and the introduction and passage of the U.S. Constitution’s 14th Amendment finally brought about the overturning of the decision. Adopted in 1868, this amendment granted citizenship to former slaves and their descendants and gave them the benefit and protection of their civil liberties. Dred Scott was an illiterate slave born in 1799. He was born as the property of the Peter Blow family since his parents were both slaves.
The fact that a minor civil war occurred simply over the issue of slavery clearly depicts that slavery was an essential factor in the outbreak of the Civil War. Furthermore, the South was separated from the North through a cultural division. Initial differences would later grow as the gap between the North and South’s economic
Simon Legree, the novel’s antagonist slave driver, became the archetypal Southern figure for whom Northerners felt much contempt. Northerners, relying much more on industry than agriculture, had for a long time been against slavery as a violation of human rights and as a waning economic practice overdue to become obsolete in the United States. Uncle Tom’s Cabin intensified these ideas through its emotional portrayal of black slaves as sufferers to evil white men.
The United States changed dramatically in a very short time after the Revolution, the transition was not an easy one, militarily, politically, and culturally. Socially, the new emphasis on egalitarianism and individual rights changed the relationship and roles. America’s call for freedom from British oppression while still being a slave society was undeniably ironic, yet, the Revolutionary movement initiated serious consideration of the issue of slavery. Both Americans and the British made various arguments concerning the irony. As slave-owning and slave trading were accepted routines of colonial life, slavery would play a central part in the language of the revolution.
This meant that individuals had to act in a manner that they were morally opposed to. The second thing that caused tension between the north and south was over the Transcontinental Railroad. In the early 1850s there was a talk about building a railroad to help out northerners and southerners, then finally all agreed to make a railroad. But a disagreement about where the route would be, for the northerners they would want the route to be west eastern and end in Chicago. And for the southerners they wanted the route to be west eastern and end in New Orleans, then decided to create a railroad threw Oregon and California from the east to the west coast.
Slavery contributed to the start of the Civil War as its proposed abolition was seen as a threat to the sovereignty of many Southern states. Biter tensions were created between the North and South over whether slavery should be allowed to expand more. In the North slavery had almost disappeared, while in the South slaves were sold in auctions to work on cotton fields. These differences caused division in the states, which eventually lead to the Nation dividing into two sections, the Confederate states and the Union states. National Unity was seen, as the primary reason the Northern states were willing to confront the South.
These causes include the failures of the politicians of the times, the tensions between the states caused by the issue of admitting new states to the Union, the victory by the Republicans in the 1860 Presidential election, the increasing trend towards abolitionism and, of course, slavery. Slavery was a huge issue at the time, with Southerners, strong supporters of slavery and slavers themselves demanding that they be allowed to expand westward with their slaves, while the Northerners were arguing in favour that slavery be contained and allowed to die a natural death. Slavery had started in the South as the climate there was perfect for growing cotton, and with the invention of Eli Whitney’s cotton gin in 1793, it became very profitable to make cotton. The cotton gin essentially made the time that it took for the seeds to be removed from cotton to be greatly reduced, making it much more profitable. On order to capitalise on this new process, the south needed lots of cheap labour, and found it in the form of slaves.