Europe wanted to set up and colonize in Africa, mainly because of Africa's raw materials it was purely economic. . (Iweriebor, 2011) The African's did not take kind to this, and it provoked not only African political responses but also diplomatic responses and military resistance. A lot of treaties of protection for the leaders of African societies, states, and empires went out. There was a lot of controversy about these treaties and eventually the military had to step in.
Some of the first civilizations started in Africa, and forever after other civilizations wanted to conquer Africa as a means of showing their global superiority. Africa's worst domination, however, came from the Europeans. European colonization set the stage for imperialism that Africa deals with to this day. Before the resurgence of imperialism Africa was a resourceful continent. During imperialism, Europeans went into Africa and stripped its land of its resources and this also changed the climate negatively.
This dissertation focuses on the reaction to colonialism from 1900 to 1964 in Northern Rhodesia. It will begin by giving a brief general historical review of colonialism in Africa, details of the racial attitudes of the British, then proceeds to discuss their respective political administration and finally the reaction of the natives to colonialism. Between the 1870s and 1900s, Africa faced heavy European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. At the same time, African societies put up various forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize their countries and impose foreign domination. By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers.
(COLONIALISM AND EDUCATION, Nwanosike, Oba .F and Onyije) One of the negative outcomes of colonialism in Africa was the dilution of tradition. Western Christian missionaries came in Africa in order to preach their religion and convert the inhabitants, this way tearing them apart from their older beliefs, “The missionaries had the ambition to spread Christianity to the people of East Africa. This would be through preaching and teaching the holy gospel
To what extend was the colonisation and decolonisation of Britain’s Africa driven by individuals within Africa? Before the 1870’s Africa was largely unknown to the outside world but, in the 1880’s the scramble of Africa began, where European counties, especially Britain all wanted to colonise Africa. Was the whole reason for British colonising Africa economically or strategically driven or was it led by individuals in Africa (men on the spot) or was it more of a top down process led by the government in Britain? And even though Britain fought so hard to control large parts of Africa it is clear that after World II Britain’s empire was declining especially after India gain independence in 1947. However, the British did try to revive their African empire in the late 40’s and early 50’s but their sudden fall into a steep imperial decline with the Suez crises saw individuals like Macmillan to acknowledge that decolonisation was the only way forward, as it would be more beneficial for Britain to decolonise than to resist the rise of nationalism.
During this period, the African leaders reacted to the Scramble for Africa in different ways including, by political or cultural behavior, fighting back or surrendering. The European invasion of Africa lead the Africans to respond in several different ways, one of which being responding with political or cultural behavior. (Documents 1,2,3, and 8). In document 1 the Royal Niger Company made a standard form contract for multiple African leaders to sign in order to imperialize the Delta. The British government discussed not entering a war with the Africans or interfering with any of the native laws and customs for control of the Nile River.
How Was Kenya Colonized and How did it Eventually Become Independent? Colonization occurs when one nation takes control of another. This is what the British did to many different countries in Africa, one of which was Kenya. The only countries that weren’t colonized in Africa were Ethiopia and Liberia. European penetration of the interior had begun decades earlier with the explorations of two German missionaries, Johannes Rebmann and Johann Ludwig Krapf, in 1847–49, and by the English explorer John Hanning Speke at Lake Victoria in 1858 (“Kenya – History”).The first Europeans to invade Kenya were German agents of the Church Missionary Society.
Nagashi king welcomed the Muslims when they came into his country. When Islam came to Africa at the first time the African people was owned a Christian religion. By the days, African people saw that Islam is close to their religion and they saw that Islam own a nice humanity values so they decided to change their religion to Islam. In other words, they choose Islam for their nice values. Mercy, freedom and peace are the main values of Islam
Then Kloby helps us look at real examples of different times in which colonialism has hurt Africans more than helped them. All of these authors have come to one clear consensus: colonialism has ultimately destroyed Africa’s chances of becoming a great and powerful continent. In Mies’ essay, she tends to be very pessimistic about the Africa being able to “catch-up” to other already developed countries. Mies says that, “the poverty of the underdeveloped nations is not as a result of ‘natural’ lagging behind but the direct consequence of the overdevelopment of the rich industrial countries who exploit the so-called periphery in Africa” (151). She denies that possibility that Africa can catch up by following the same path of industrialization, technological progress, and capital accumulation as the more developed countries have used.
Africa is rich in terms of mineral wealth. However the continent as a whole has not been able to capitalise on this wealth. The continent’s poor infrastructure and numerous poverty stricken areas, declining economies and lack of technological advances have consequently put Africa behind the rest of the world. Africa’s failure to convert its huge potential into wealth has led to numerous problems. The success of any continent is largely dependent on its economic development (Suter 2006).