Indirect discrimination usually occurs when a rule or condition which is applied to everyone can be met by a considerably smaller group of people, this rule will be to their disadvantage and it can not be justified on other grounds. The law applies to employers and providies of education or training. Direct discrimination: Occurs when individuals are treated less favourably or given a lower standard of service than other individuals because of their gender, race, ethnicity, culture, disability, religion, sexuality, class, mental health and age. Example : A care home always gives smaller portions of food to women living in the care home and larger portions to men because they believe men have bigger appetites. This is irrespective of individual needs or preferences.
Poverty stricken individuals who experience forms of discrimination may act in a particular way sometimes express negative behaviour as a result. Discrimination and poverty may well effect one’s behaviour. Less privileged individuals or those who have bad life experiences may take their frustration out on specific individuals such as police, teachers and nurses etc. Individuals may take their anger and frustration out on people they feel have a higher status or who are more en-powered. Health and social care professions may
According to Webster’s Dictionary (2011) disparity is defined as the lack of similarity or equality and the state of being different or dissimilar. There are many factors having disparity towards others within the criminal justice system that can include a person’s criminal history such as a drug dealer or sex offender and even a person’s social class. In criminal justice disparity means that there is a difference, but that that difference does not automatically mean discrimination (Walker, 2010). Disparity can affect any individual due to their sex, ethnic group, religion, and even their position in the workplace. A person could state that disparity is used because they differ from other individuals.
Describe discriminatory practice in health and social care There are many different reasons why victims get discriminated, these could be to do with their: culture, disability, age, social class, gender, sexuality, health status, family status and cognitive ability. There are ways Discriminatory practice can be shown through the following behaviours, infringement of rights, and covert abuse of power, overt abuse of power, prejudice, stereotyping, labelling, bulling and abuse. Infringements of rights is not respecting individual’s rights and not letting them practise their culture. This can lead to individuals feeling devalued and very sad, which will effect their health. Convert abuse of power is a hidden use of power to discriminate.
It can be rooted in cultural traditions, fear, hatred, or superiority, with many sexists believing that their gender is superior for a variety of reasons. While many nations have laws which are designed to thwart sexism in places like the workplace, it often infiltrates society so thoroughly that these attitudes cannot be easily shaken off. Discrimination on the basis of gender can take a wide variety of forms. For example, some people believe that women should stay at home to focus on rearing children and keeping house, rather than pursuing professional careers. This attitude can lead to severe criticism when career women are involved, and as seen in the 2008 US presidential primaries, high-profile women are not exempt from sexism, even when they are running for the office of president of the United States.
Furthermore, the comparison used is false as it is based on a misleading data. According to the pay data published by White House, women make 91 cents for every dollar men make. According to the incorrect data based on just the averages of the average earnings and not take other factors into consideration, one would say that there is a sex discrimination as men are not being paid the same as women. Think of it this way, if there ever was a discrimination in gender, then why should firms not hire only women for 78 cents a dollar and fire all men? That certainly would benefit the firm largely.
Direct could be when a less qualified man could not be given a job over a more qualified woman whereas indirect discrimination is where a job has requirements that only one sex can fulfil. For example a job requirement might be for an applicant to be six feet tall. This is indirectly discriminating against women because very few are this tall. RACE RELATIONS ACT 1992: This act outlines laws that are in place to protect employees and job applicants against discrimination based on their race, colour, nationality, ethnic origin or nation origin. It means that if a black person applied for a job against a white person, the employer cannot hire the white person based on their colour preference, they must compare the skills and attributes to be brought to the business and evaluate fairly.
In any of these instances, women are at the disadvantage position in many societies. The maintenance of the status quo regarding gender stereotypes has aggravated the existing gender inequality, entrusting women with less social, economic and political power. The existing gender inequality in Ghana may have also resulted from residuals of colonial cultural practices, during which women were considered socially and politically inferior to their male counterparts. Gender Issues in Ghana Within the Ghanaian traditions, the husband is under an obligation to maintain his wife and children. In return, a wife and her children are obliged to assist the husband and father respectively in his chosen trade or profession, although they do not become joint owners of the acquired property.
Discrimination can happen in the workplace as well. The company as a whole can have a discriminatory attitude toward a particular group of people based on different factors. For instance, women may be passed over for promotions because of their sex or those with disabilities may not be hired because of the stereotypes associated with them. Discrimination can stem from one living outside of another’s community and not fully understanding the lifestyle that they live. It can also stem from someone of the same background who chooses to deny their own background.
It may also relate to some stereotypes employers may associate with certain religions. This type of discrimination and bias is illegal and is covered by in the Anti Discrimination Act 1977 and Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986. Age Age discrimination can take place in the workplace due to the stereotyping of people from a certain age group. An employer may hold a set of beliefs and attitudes against a certain cohort, causing them to be favored or disfavored. Practical factors such as pay and working hours can also attribute to age discrimination.