This essay will include a definition of domestic violence, examples of physical, emotional and sexual abuse as well as statistics and studies to support the extent of the problem of domestic violence. Characteristics of abusers and the history of domestic violence as well as how it is dealt with will also be included. Research suggests that 90% of domestic violence is perpetrated against women by men. Over the years however there has been growing concern about the plight of men who have been abused and it is clear that women also assault men and that violence also occurs in lesbian and gay relationships. Domestic violence is now understood to extend beyond physical violence and beyond the home.
But over the years, domestic violence has been discussed openly amongst the media, doctors, and law enforcement agencies and in the courts. Laws have been put in place to protect victims and prosecute offenders but this phenomenon still continues. Reportedly, 95% of victims of domestic violence are women and 12% are men. What is domestic violence? Domestic violence refers to a pattern of violent and coercive behavior exercised by one adult over another in an intimate relationship.
Title: - Examine the patterns of, and reasons for, domestic violence in society Domestic violence is described as ‘physical, psychological, sexual or financial violence that takes places with an intimate or a family relationship, those forms a pattern of coercive and controlling behaviour. This involves partners, ex-partners and household members’ (women’s aid Federation). Although it is typically happening to a women, men also suffer from domestic violence. Some psychologists attribute it to psychological causes. However, many sociologists would argue that this is a result from social causes A shocking pattern of domestic violence is that women are more often only targeted by domestic violence.
Abusers most always use physical violence to gain control over their partner. Physical violence can range from shoving and scratching to severe battering and death. Although women are mainly the victims, there are a number of men who are victimized (IPV Definitions). Sexual violence is
Moreover not all cases are reported, many victims are still enduring the atrocities of their abuser. In Mauritius, when a case is reported to the police, the first action taken is to talk with the perpetrator, this might lead to more disastrous consequences. The abuser might become more violent, sometimes it causes more harm than good. If an abuser continues to be violent the case is reported to the Family Protection Unit. The Family Protection Unit provides more counselling services,.
Gender roles are the most dangerous roles that society faces to this day, as there has been much controversy around men versus female dominance in households for a long time. Although there was definite male hegemony back in the 1950’s, women have eventually gained more power in modern society due to developed women’s rights in recent years. Men were once seen as the breadwinners, but now increasingly women choose their careers before starting a family and being the traditional housewife, and raising children. Women have also taken on “laddish” roles, such as young girls in gangs, and the increasing crimes committed by women. Gender roles seemed to have swapped round.
These offenders usually choose their targets at random but may be have personal preferences like gender or size. The last classifications of sexual offenders are sex offenders who commit crimes of sexual violence against children within their own families. Currently these types of sexual offenders seem to be most popular. According to “RAINN” Rape, Abuse, Incest Nation Network, someone the victim knows commits most sexual assaults and rapes. They reported that up to 73% of sexual offenses were perpetrated by non-strangers.
However, the most common ones that we need to know are: • Anger related – A crime of passion or anger can lead to a lot of things in your life. A common example would be a sexual assault due to a personal grudge on the woman. This is done to defile and degrade the victim as an ultimatum. • Power assertive – A person with underlying feelings of inadequacy feeds their issues with respect to mastery, control, dominance, strength, intimidation, authority and capability only to show their competency. This becomes repetitive and compulsive which leads to a lot of rapes in a short span of time.
The media largely influences every child and teens views and judgment. So now, if children and teens are learning sexist views, most of them would be getting them from the media. Media includes everything from the music world, to what is on TV every night, to what models wear on the runway, to what the latest gossip is on the gossip magazines. Almost everything in the media defies women as an object rather then an equal to men- especially the music world. The lyrics of a lot of rap song are so sexist, they mention hurting, beating, slapping and even killing women.
Domestic violence is the leading source of injury to women between the ages of 15 and 44 in the United States, more than car accidents, muggings, and rape combined. A woman is more likely to be assaulted, injured, raped, or killed by a male partner than by any other type of assailant. Although, in recent times men also are abused by their female partner, the majority of cases still affect women entirely. Domestic Violence is often referred to as a pattern of offensive behaviour in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner. Domestic violence can be physical, sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions or threats of actions that influence another person.