It is considered a chronic disease that health care providers should monitor with frequent visits. The problem of overweight and obesity results from an excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body’s skeletal and physical standards. A person gains weight when the number of fat cells in the body increases. These fat cells first increase in size and then increase in numbers. An average size person has about 30-35 billion fat cells.
Common health risks associated with obesity include hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesteremia, cardiomegaly, left ventricular hypertrophy, and coronary artery disease,. Preventative measures such as a low carbohydrate or low-fat diet with an increase in consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as an increase in physical activity may help reduce the increasing obesity rates and related health risks. Health risks related to obesity should be addressed and preventative measures should be implemented in the healthcare setting. Methods: For this study, an analytical review of 15 scholarly articles was conducted in order to determine the effects of obesity on the cardiovascular system and ways to prevent obesity in the United States community. Assessments and diagnostic tests used in the research include measuring waist circumference, assessing blood pressure, measuring cholesterol levels, calculating BMI, checking blood glucose levels, chest x-ray, and echocardiogram.
What is obesity? According to the Webster’s College Dictionary obesity is defined as ‘very fat or overweight; corpulent’ . The Bing Dictionary defines obesity as ‘overweight: extremely or unhealthily fat or overweight, or clinically overweight: having a body weight more than 20 percent greater than recommended for the relevant height’ . The online encyclopedia known as Wikipedia defines obesity in clinical terms as ‘a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extend that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems’ . From the above definitions we can conclude that obesity in its simplest form is being overweight or simply stated “fat”.
The question at hand is how did this happen and what can be done about it? It is widely accepted that there are two major factors that controlling the rising numbers of obesity, they are genetics and environment. There are several health consequences that tie into the obesity epidemic. It can be said that if you are not genetically predisposed to obesity, excessive weight gain would not occur or could be easily lost. Researchers have said due to the rising numbers of people who are obese, there is also going to be a following epidemic of obese people who will be also diagnosed with type II diabetes, and it is very important that we can understand, the processes that lead to people becoming or staying obese.
Introduction Obesity has become a very serious issue and health problem in the USA. Obesity is not just a problem but according to the American Medical Association, Obesity is considered a chronic disease (stateofobesity). As for what is driving America’s chronic weight problem, there is just not one answer. There have been many scientific studies to find the rational to obesity. Many theories and conflicting conclusion have been seen.
In addition, at least 155 million children worldwide are overweight or obese. Unani System of Medicine is a well known for its own way of treatment by various methods. The present paper describes the detailed concept of obesity (Samane Mufrat) and its related consequences and management with reference to the Unani concept. Keywords: Samane Mufrat; Khilt; Balghami Mizaj; Razi Shabir Ahmad Parray*a, Jalaluddin Bhatb, SM Faisal Iqbalc, Ghufran Ahmadd, Najeeb Jahane, Mahfooz Rahmanb aDepartment of Phytochemistry & Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi (India) bDepartment of Ilmul Advia, Faculty of Unani Medicine, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi (India) cDepartment of Ilmul Advia, SHUT College, Burhanpur, M P (India) dDepartment of Ilmul Advia, Faculty of Unani Medicine, A M U, Aligarh, U P (India) eDepartment of Ilmul Advia, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, Karnataka (India) Date of Submission: 03-03-2012 Date of Acceptance: 10-03-2011 Conflict of interest: Nil Source of support: None Brief Introduction of Unani System of (Nazriya Akhlat) postulated by Hippocrates. Medicine Unani system of medicine was originated in Greece and developed by Arabs into an elaborated medical science based on the framework of teachings of Buqrat
Running head: COMMUNITY Community Health Advocacy Project Tracey Roby Population-Focused Health Care NUR 544 May 21, 2012 Shannon P. Hebert, RN, MPH Community Health Advocacy Project- Childhood Obesity Part One – Childhood Obesity Within today's health care system there are countless areas of public health concern. Among these are multiple aggregates, or subsets, of people from the general population with a common health concern, defining a distinct area of not only strength, but also need. One such aggregate of concern is childhood obesity. The health of this group is an important part of today's health care system. If we consider the definition of obesity, it means that an individual has excess body fat, as a result of taking in more calories than what is expended (Centers, 2012).
According to the Encarta Encyclopedia, “obesity is a medical condition characterized by the storage of excess body fat. There are two kinds of obesity: Hyperplastic obesity and hypertrophy obesity. A person suffering from hyperplastic obesity has an increase in fat cells; whereas, a person suffering from hypertrophy obesity has an increase in the size of the fat cells. When a person has overeaten or is lacking in exercise they may be classified as being over weight or obese. Throughout the Bahamas, many use the words over weight and obesity interchangeably.
All studies identified were manually searched to determine relevance for inclusion in review. Studies were searched regardless of study design and method of study. What is obesity? Obesity and overweight are defined as a chronic condition due to an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health (World Health Organisation, 2006). Obesity is caused by an imbalance of caloric intake and energy expenditure.
The world is on a rising trend of obesity. A search on Google reveals much information and articles addressing rising obesity rates, in particularly United States, where more than one-third of the adult population is obese. These numbers raises eyebrows, and it is not only the Americans that are overweight, there are also trends in other parts of the world depicting the same issue of obesity. While Singapore’s obesity numbers are barely alarming, obesity rates are on the rise, as said by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong (Grant, 2012), and as one of the fastest developing countries in the world, rising obesity numbers in coming years seem inevitable, but the numbers will not be as astronomical as the rest of the world. Singapore is renowned for variety of food, from Chinese, Malay, Indian, Japanese, Korean, etc.