Cause And Effects Of The North Atlantic Treaty Organization

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Marisa Barrera Professor Turner English 1A May 6, 2008 Lead By Example Does it ever cross anyone’s mind why a third world war has not occurred? Aside from the United Nations one other group is due gratitude for not only preventing a third world war but also for working toward world peace by encouraging cooperation among European and non-European countries. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization often referred to as NATO for short, is long overdue credit for this feat of accomplishment. Initially the alliance was formed as a defense union for Western Europe to protect democracy in response to the USSR attempt at communist takeover of Europe. Faced with an immensely difficult task of resisting an attack from a vicious enemy with an upstanding army greater than all other signatories combined (“History of the Atlantic Alliance” 1), it quickly became clear that mutual cooperation was needed to achieve their common goal. This alliance was formalized with the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on United States soil in Washington on April 4, 1949 by: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States (“HAA” IV 1). In 1952 Greece and Turkey were invited to join, and Germany was permitted acceptance in 1954 (NATO Topics 2). Democracy means the freedom to choose and the right to speak out against injustice; any attempts at the destruction of it would not be tolerated. In beginning years for NATO it had one main concern: stop the expansion of the United Socialists Soviet Republic. This was a time when many countries were in a weak military state because under the conditions of the armistice everyone was ordered to substantially reduce all standing armies (“HAA” I 1), making them an easy target. The USSR

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