Cause And Effect Of Deinstitutionalization

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Abstract This paper will investigate the aftermath of deinstitutionalization and its impact on the severely mentally ill population. How the role of mental health policy and incentives has shaped the outcome of the deinstitutionalization movement, community-oriented care and the recovery movement. The issues limiting the participation of severely mentally ill individual to precede a community life will be identified. The social role of stigmatization of mental illness over shadowing the progress of community inclusion will be examined. In addition, through the consideration of various factors influencing the deinstitutionalization process, a balance in the current mental health system that is more relevant to the lives of individuals with…show more content…
It is through the developments and reactions broadly connected to the laws and initiatives that shaped what would rather be known as deinstitutionalization (Young, 2010). The Great Depression and the war during the 1930s to the middle 1940s, had drained resources, resulted in lack of staffing and overcrowding of patients in state hospitals. The World War II had resulted in increased psychiatric casualties of combat and compelled a greater need of trained mental health professionals (Brekke, 2012). In 1949, counsel of state government had discussed the over crowded and dreadful condition of state asylums throughout the country. The council recommended concerning the custody and care of the chronically mentally ill, that the substantial number of institutionalized patient may benefit from community oriented care (Young, 2010). Also in the same year, the National Institute of Mental Health was developed as a federal initiative in shaping mental health policy and research. The intent of deinstitutionalization at that time appeared to be an attempt to emphasize on the social and environmental aspects of mental health. The aim was to establish a community based care and inclusion of mentally ill population to the community at large (Novella,…show more content…
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