The war ends in 1763 with the treaty of Hubertusburg. Son of Francis I, Joseph II, became Holy Roman Emperor in 1765 but his mother Maria Theresa still had most the power until she died in 1780 at age 63. Leopold II, brother of Joseph II, became Holy Roman Emperor after his brother’s death in 1790. In 1792 Leopold died and was succeeded by his son Francis II the last Holy Roman Emperor. In 1792 France declared war on the Holy Roman Empire Starting the War of the First Coalition.
Queen of France, Marie Antoinette, (born Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna) was born on November 2, 1755 in Vienna, Austria. Her mother was Maria Theresa, the Empress of Austria, and her father was Francis I, the Holy Roman Emperor. She was the fifteenth of sixteenth children. As a child, the Queen had a less than normal upbringing for an aristocrat in Austria. Her family was very informal, and etiquette in their household was quite unknown.
Catherine developed the Free Economic Society in 1765 which encouraged modernization of agriculture and industry. The division of Russia into districts empowered administers of the local area. Westernizing Russia brought better changes to Russian politics, resources and military enabling Russia to become a European power. Frederick involved himself in the First Partition of Poland to unite the newly gained West Prussia with Eastern Prussia. Frederick also participated in the War of Bavarian Succession in 1778, stopping Austria from trading the Austrian Netherlands for Bavaria.
After she seized the throne from her husband Peter III, Catherine the Great sought a social reform, among her other policies. She believed in an enlightened monarch and instituted reforms to make Russia more westernized. She imported architects, artists, poets and great philosophers in her effort
Saint Joan of Arc, nicknamed The Maid of Orléans is considered a national heroine of France and a Catholic saint. A peasant girl born in eastern France who claimed divine guidance, she led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War, which paved the way for the coronation of Charles VII. She was captured by the Burgundians, sold to the English, tried by an ecclesiastical court, and burned at the stake when she was 19 years old. Twenty-five years after the execution, Pope Callixtus III examined the trial, pronounced her innocent and declared her a martyr. Joan of Arc was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920.
The Dumas were the government’s response to the 1905 revolution, and the tsar’s granting of a duma in the October Manifesto was the most striking of the concessions made to the liberals. The Dumas offered a major forum for political debate, and between
Hatshepsut, born in 1508 BC, was the daughter of Thutmose I. After the death of Thutmose II, her brother, his son Thutmose III ascended to the throne at an early age. Hatshepsut therefore took on a joint role as co-regent of Egypt at the age of twenty-nine alongside her nephew. Soon, she would take full control of the throne, becoming the first female pharaoh in the history of colossal Egypt, and quite possibly the most powerful female the world had ever seen. She would rule until her death at age fifty in the year 1458 BC, whereby Thutmose III would reclaim the throne.
After the death of her husband she took over his business and became one of the most successful women. She had bought her own buildings and opened her own warehouse. She was transported in 1792 and was sentenced for 7 years. 2. Crime rate The crime rate was increasing because the 19th century population and wealth increased, so crime rates began to grow.
The Princess Puzzle One of the great mysteries of history is the fate of Anastasia Romanov, the last of four daughters born to the Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II and his wife, Alexandra. The story of the remarkable young lady is known all around the world as simply, “The Lost Princess”. Born on June 18, 1901, in the Kremlin Winter Palace- the suite of the Empress, Anastasia, whose full name is Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, was born to a large family of six, later to be seven. Her parents and the rest of the Russian Empire were anticipating a male baby, praying that Nicholas II would receive an heir. All of Russia let out their breath when it was announced that a fourth daughter to the Romanov family had been delivered.
Under his rule, France achieved political and military superiority, and also cultural dominance with various cultural figures. Catherine II, popularly known as Catherine the Great, ruled over Russia for 34 years, from July 9, 1762 until her death in 1796. In 1780 she set up a League of Armed Neutrality, designed to defend neutral shipping from the British Royal Navy during the American Revolution, and she refused to intervene in that revolution on the side of the British when asked. These two rulers are two of the many absolutists that have had a great impact on the world. These Absolute rulers had different tactics and ideas on how to rule their countries.