Catch 22 and Hamlet

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It can almost be unapparent when others have a subconscious hold on the actions of an individual. However, the ability to not only influence but also completely control another person can be incredibly destructive. Sigmund Freud developed this idea of human psychological behavior, which allows one to analyze the unconscious conflicts of individuals. He came to see the human’s personality as having three aspects, which together make up the cause of our actions- the Id, the Ego, and the Superego. The Superego in particular, is created through the moral and ethical restraints placed on a human and reflects the values of and individual’s family and society. If the Superego has the most influence on an individual’s behavior, it can cause that person to develop unbending morals and adamant in his/her interactions with the world. This idea is apparent in both Catch-22, where the Twenty-Seventh Air Force Headquarters has authority over the pilots and dictates each of their lives, and in Hamlet, where the ghost of Hamlet’s father greatly influences the actions Hamlet takes. Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 takes place during the second half of World War II. Yossarian, the main character, along with other soldiers stationed at the Twenty Seventh Air Force are forced to endure an outlandish, bizarre existence defined by bureaucracy and violence. The Air Force officers have made it their mission to defeat other nations, despite the time soldiers spend fighting battles. They have no consideration for the lives of their soldiers, and force them to remain fighting in the army. “But they don’t say you have to go home. And regulations do say you have to obey every order. That’s the catch. Even if the colonel were disobeying a Twenty Seventh Air Force order by making you fly more missions, you’d still have to fly them, or you’d be guilty of disobeying an order of his. And

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