Recruits are taught to obey, immediately and without question, orders from their superiors, right from day-one of boot camp. Military members who fail to obey the lawful orders of their superiors risk serious consequences. Article 90 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice makes it a crime for a military member to WILLFULLY disobey a superior commissioned officer. Article 91 makes it a crime to WILLFULLY disobey a superior Noncommissioned or Warrant Officer. Article 92 makes it a crime to disobey any lawful order (the disobedience does not have to be
Social Psychology: Long Answer Question- Response a) Describe two research studies investigating obedience. Two research studies that demonstrate the influence of obedience are Milgram’s lab experiment and Hofling’s field experiment. Stanley Milgram’s aim was to examine the impact of an authority figure, as he focused on the conflict between obedience to authority and personal conscience. Similarly, Hofling’s aim was to research obedience levels in a real life social setting, a hospital. Milgram’s experiment tested how much pain people were willing to inflict upon others, simply because they were ordered to do so by an authority figure.
Freud believes that the ego is the executive of personality. Ego will make decisions, control action and allow thinking and problem solving more the id. The third one is superego. Thus represents the right and wrong of society as taught by a person’s parents or teachers. The superego includes our conscience which will prevent us from behaving badly in society.
Leaders need to remain calm during conditions of stress, chaos, and rapid change says Thomas Matthews, retired U.S. Army Colonel, commander of the aviation force during the mission in Mogadishu, Somalia better known as “Black Hawk Down.” Stress has many ways of effecting leadership, sometimes it benefits a leader and other times it is detrimental to them and others. The experienced leaders, ones who maintain a positive attitude, will overcome and adapt to stress because they are always thinking: “The glass is half full; we’ll figure it out; we’ll handle it; we’ll survive the situation.”There are many examples of the effects of stress in the story of “Black Hawk Down.” Stress can bring out the leader in someone who is comfortable with following, the slightest feeling of panic or crisis situation causes some to take charge. This is viewed as a beneficial effect of stress. When a subordinate sees a lack of professional competence of their commander, during a combat condition or crisis situation, the majority tend to fall away from obeying them, afraid of being put in a fatal action. Therefore, leaders rise in times of crisis, stress, combat because they feel a sense of rightness, ready to act, no matter the cause or price.
The idea behind this was to use 'talking therapy' to bring past memories from the unconscious to the conscious. The unconscious is when you are doing or thinking something without being alert or aware that you are doing it. Along the idea of the unconscious Freud also developed the concept of the ID, the Ego and the Superego. The id is described as an impulsive, selfish side to our personality which is ruled by a pleasure principle, the superego is the moral part of our personality which recognises right from wrong; and our ego is the part of our mind which tries to rationalise and arbitrate both sides of our thoughts. Freud believed that there were two main causes of abnormality in general.
North Korea is a modern dystopia as they constantly monitor everyone with surveillance cameras, dehumanize each and every civilian and give them no freedoms as they are forced to stand still and let it happen. North Korea uses thousands of security cameras in order to keep track of all their civilians and prevent them from escaping the country. North Koreans feel as though they cannot say nor do anything to people even if they are their close friends. It is easy to get stabbed in the back as cameras watch you’re every move. You can’t trust anyone when people are starving and will do anything to get food.
According to Freud, even though the unconscious is hidden it still continues to sway our behaviours. It is important in counselling to have an understanding of the unconscious mind because it is the counsellor main goal to help their client become aware of their unconscious mind therefore helping them to understand and alter that problem behaviour. 5. List the three different aspects of personality identified by Freud. Briefly explain how they relate to each other.
But when, because of their carelessness and laziness, ground drills and were abandoned. The army started to feel heavy to them since they started to hardly ever wear it. That negligence, and laziness, led them to asking the emperor to take away the breastplates and next the helmets. So when they went out and fought the Goths they had no protection whatsoever from the head to the chest, and were often beaten by archers. No one tried to replace the breastplates and the helmets.
Freud believed that the unconscious is a component of the mind that the individual is unaware of, but which manifests through behaviour: “infantile wishes, desires, demands and needs that are hidden from consciousness awareness because of the conflicts and pain they would cause if they were part of everyday life” (Feldman, 1993, p. 381). The aim of PDT is to unearth and release emotional thoughts and feelings ‘repressed’ in the unconscious. In order to use this method, an essential element of PDT is the creation of a safe environment for the recalling of repressed childhood memories (Bergmann, 2010). In psychoanalytic theory the therapy relationship, explicitly the analysis of the patients’ transference to the therapist is fundamental to the work. Transference is the client’s repetition of past patterns of relating to significant others that are brought to the present in relation to the therapist (Jacobs, M, 2004).
During the war, they were exposed to a lot of stress, confusion, anxiety, pain, and hatred. Then they were sent back home with no readjustment to the lifestyle in the states, no deprogramming of what they learned from the military, and no welcome home parades. They were portrayed to the public as crazed psychopathic killers with no morals or control over their aggression. They find that there's nobody they can talk to or who can understand what they've been through, not even their family. As they re-emerge into civilization, they struggle to establish a personal identity or a place in society because they lack the proper education or job skills.