In society, when the words “sex offender” are brought up, the public usually has the same image in their mind. They usually would see this image of an older male that unceasingly tries to get with children. They public also has a stereotype for this image, that once your sex offender, you’re always a sex offender. Sex offenders are seen as among the most dangerous kinds of offender in terms of both the impact that their wrongdoing has on victims’ lives and because of concerns about their risk of reoffending. However it has recently came to question of whether this perception of dangerousness is supported.
This represents around 473,000 adults being victims of sexual offences (around 404,000 females and 72,000 males) on average per year. These experiences span the full spectrum of sexual offences, ranging from the most serious offences of rape and sexual assault to other sexual offences like indecent exposure and unwanted touching. "(Crime Survey for England and Wales, 2009/2010/2011/2012) Sexual assault is a personal and destructive crime. The effects on individual can be psychological, emotional, or physical. They can be brief in duration or last a long time.
Since then 2,800 rapists were convicted and sent to jail, including one hundred and twenty-one who raped repeatedly. Because this law was passed it became mandatory for repeat offenders, however only eight of those offenders were sentenced to chemical castration. Around the country there are increasingly severe sex offender laws that are convincing criminals to take drastic measures to try to prove that they are fit to be in our society. As drastic as resorting to a treatment so brutal that it hasn’t been in use in the justice system for decades. This is known as voluntary castration and was first offered in the state of Texas for repeat offenders.
According to a project run by The Huffington Post, 40% of juvenile offenders sent to private prisons on account of drug related crimes are arrested and convicted of harsher crimes in less than a year from their release (Kirkham). Moreover, the concept of combating drugs with the threat of imprisonment is counterproductive. Imprisoning low level drug-dealers for long periods of time creates a gaping void in the market, quickly replaced by desperate individuals wanting to generate an income, and the number of potential “criminals” skyrockets. Thus, by locking away non-violent offenders with such long sentences, the incarceration boom is being promoted, and wrecking societal
Juvenile crimes are one of the most common problems that have negative consequences on any community. Juvenile crimes refer to the crimes that are perpetrated by individuals who are under the adult age. Statistical analysis indicated that this number grows daily. This has triggered the government to seek intervention measures to help reduce the increasing trend and hence safeguard the society against future offending. This because such children who have records of crime develop to become uncontrollable gangs in the society.
Child Sexual Abuse and Crime Child Sexual Abuse, child maltreatment and crime are prohibited all around the world. “Child maltreatment, which includes both child abuse and child neglect, is a major social problem. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, over a million children are victims of maltreatment and sexual abuse annually. Over half a million children suffer serious injuries, and about 1500 children die, making child maltreatment the leading cause of deaths from injuries in children over a year old. In addition to this appalling immediate toll, child abuse is thought to have many harmful long-term consequences” (“James Poterba 1”).
With the increasing re-offending rate in recent years, it is a fundamental importance to understand those factors affecting the people to commit sexual crimes and the reasons of the reoffending. The second part is to evaluate the most commonly used sentence which imposed on the sexual offender on the aspect of rehabilitation. In this research, secondary resources and data it mainly used to examine the sentencing system on the sexual offences, some of other countries' work is also cited out as reference for the research. The existing sentencing system is obviously incompleteness that the reoffending rate of sexual crimes is high and devastating. Therefore, recommendations are also made in relation to the factors of this issue.
One in every 100 adults in the United States is incarcerated according to the PCS. The Pew Center on the States (PCS) conducts credible research and analyzes states’ experiences to determine what works and what does not work. Overcrowding has been a problem in the United States for many years. The government has tried different ways to fix it, but it has steadily gotten worse. Overcrowding has become a major issue in the United States mainly because nonviolent drug addicted offenders are repeating behaviors and ending up in jail.
Naming Sex Offenders More and more controversy arises every year over whether to make sex offenders names public. The question lurks in peoples’ minds are sex offenders really and truly rehabilitated or are they just simply claiming to be reformed? The answer to that question is that 89 percent of sex offenders repeat their offense after completing rehabilitation or being chemically castrated. Every state has a community notification system in place to alert the community of sex offender registrations. According to Appelbaum, “Most identified sex offenders reside in the community, having completed their prison terms or having been placed directly on probation without incarceration”.
This form of trafficking, involving children, is also refereed to as “DMST” or (Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking) (Kotrla 1). Recent studies have shown that there are “currently at least 100,000 DMST victims in the United states with up to 325,000 more at risk for becoming such victims”(Kotrla 2). Children become easy targets for traffickers because of their vulnerability and helplessness. On average these children are being trafficked between the ages of 11 and 14, although a few are found to be as young as 5 (Kotrla 2). Although the victims of this trafficking varies, statistics show those who have been thrown out of their homes, those who have a history of abuse, or are being handled by the government through foster care or child protective services are most likely to get pulled into this industry (Kotrla 4).