Just like the dynasties of Classical China those empires differed from each other politically and religiously. The Mauryan Empire had the King with his own council as the center of politics. The King consulted the council before making certain decisions or changes in the government. The system was divided into various administrative departments that looked after various duties. Each department had its own hierarchal management structure – the result of the caste system supported by Hinduism.
Josh Ramirez, Robbie Bell, Sarah Glenn, Zack Dunn Mr. Bollier AP World History 9/16/2013 The Conrad-Demarest Model of an Empire-Rome vs. Han The Conrad Demarest model of an empire can be compared with the Roman and Han empires. The four steps are evident in the history of these two societies. These steps are based on preexisting conditions. These four steps are further broken down into multiple steps. The first Main step is that there are necessary preconditions for an empire.
The religion of China has changed from mainly Buddhism to a mixture of all Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Protestantism, while India has stayed the same with Hinduism (Vedic religion) being the main religion and Rome has also changed from believing in mythology to being the central place for Catholic belief. Ancient Rome, China, and India all had social class systems. The most influential of these social class systems was the Indian caste system. The Indian caste system was separated into four different groups. The four groups were Brahim, Ksatriya, Vaisya, and Sudra.
Be sure to cover at least four different kinds of political units, levels, or kinds. How has the nature and technology of warfare evolved, from earliest times to 1500 CE? Describe the changing nature and variety of religious beliefs, pre-history to 1500 CE. Be sure to cover at least four major levels or kinds of belief, which developed or were important in at least three major culture areas. Evaluate the importance of social class to pre-modern societies.
He was known for establishing one of the oldest collections of laws still in existence today. This collection was known as the Hammurabi code and affected the entire population from nobleman to slave. When compared to present day laws, many similarities and differences can be found in areas such as crime and punishment, real estate, and family matters. The story of Mesopotamian civilization begins over four thousand
Vico's, The New Science, talks about how civilization develops in a recurring cycle of three different stages: the divine, the heroic, and the human. Each stage shows distinct political and social features and can be characterized by figures of language. Machiavelli's The Prince discusses four ways on how to acquire land: 1) your own arms and virtue, 2) fortune, 3) others' arms, and 4) inequity. The first is the best way in his opinion because land acquired that way is the easiest to hang on to after you have conquered it, because you will still have your loyal militia, not mercenaries, and your own virtues to rule the principality wisely. He also talks about how those principalities are acquired by fortune, either for money or as a gift.
However, different societies used different methods such as applying concept of Lex Talionis, introducing social status acquired by economic status, and advocating equality in social status society in their law codes to implement the common value of fairness to the society. Even the earliest law code in human history, the Code of Hammurabi, reflects that the social classes existed in Old Babylon. The earliest civilization arose in the Mesopotamian area and the first written law code, the Code of Hammurabi, was also developed from the Mesopotamia area. In every clause in the law code, it specifically clarifies social status of both parties and depending on different social classes, the punishment would vary. For example the clause 200 in the Hammurabi code states, “If a man knocks out a tooth of a man of his own rank, they shall knock out his tooth”.
Buddhism made a large dispute to the beliefs of Vedic religions because was no caste system to separate social classes, everyone could reach enlightenment or nirvana, not only the royal Brahmins, and people believed that the ability to rid yourself of a selfish/sorrowful life was inside of yourself as long as you follow the middle or eightfold path. In early times, almost all religions had a caste system, which separated social classes into ranks. According to “The Laws of Manu”, the caste system was separated into four ranks (“Laws of Manu”, 10). The highest rank of citizens was called the Brahmins (or Brahmans). The Brahmins were the high priests of Vedic society and the most respected; also, they were the only ones able reach nirvana (Armstrong, 7).
Each form of yoga is diverse, but each path leads to the same unification with the body. The history of yoga is able to be divided into four periods of time. There is Pre-Classical Yoga, Classical Yoga, Post-Classical Yoga, and the Modern Period. Pre-Classical yoga was developed by the Indus-Sarasvati civilization about 5,000 years ago. It started as a religion used by Brahmans.
Ingrid Cormier History to1500 (Online) The class system or caste system as described in readings show that the systems are a social structure where classes are settled on heredity. The two class systems in which are studied here are Varna and Jati. These two class systems are studied under the society of ancient India. The systems were all established and connected through the religion of Hinduism. Varna is an Indian class factually meaning color.